Anthracite briquettes were developed using mainly waste anthracite fines, plant byproducts of rice hulls and rice hull ash and silicon metal powder as an ecofriendly fuel and as an alternative to conventional coke used in a cupola furnace. Si metal powder reacts with anthracite to form SiC, which provides high mechanical strength to an anthracite briquette when it is exposed to a high temperature in the cupola furnace. Rice hull and rice hull ash, which are agricultural byproducts with high SiO2 content were investigated as partial substitutes for silicon as the former are inexpensive relative to silicon metal. The formation of SiC was investigated under different conditions using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, unconfined compressive strength of the briquettes was measured when the rice hull or ash substituted Si powder partially or completely. When anthracite briquettes prepared with elemental Si powder and either rice hull ash or rice hull powder were pyrolyzed at 1400°C for 2 h, SiC formed and the briquettes showed high mechanical strength in the range of 2000-4000 kPa, which is enough to keep their structural integrity in a cupola furnace.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Organic Chemistry