Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications

Amy Van Newkirk, J. E. Antonio Lopez, Rodrigo Amezcua Correa, Axel Schülzgen, John Mazurowski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Many applications rely on the ultra-precise timing of optical signals through fiber, such as fiber interferometers, large telescope arrays, in phase arrayed antennae, optical metrology, and precision navigation and tracking. Environmental changes, specifically those caused by temperature fluctuations, lead to variations in the propagation delay of optical signals and thereby decrease the accuracy of the system's timing. The cause of these variations in delay is the change in the glass properties of the optical fiber with temperature. Both the refractive index of the glass and the length of the fiber are dependent on the ambient temperature. Traditional optical fiber suffers from a delay sensitivity of 39 ps/km/K. We are reducing the temperature sensitivity of the fiber delay through the application of a novel design of optical fiber, Anti-Resonant Hollow Core Fiber. The major improvement in the thermal sensitivity of this fiber comes from the fact that the light is guided in an air core, with very little overlap into the glass structure. This drastically reduces the impact that the thermally sensitive glass properties have on the propagation time of the optical signal. Additionally, hollow core fiber is inherently radiation insensitive, due to the light guidance in air, making it suitable for space applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAstronomical Optics
Subtitle of host publicationDesign, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems
EditorsTony B. Hull, Pascal Hallibert, Dae Wook Kim
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510612594
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2017
EventAstronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 6 2017Aug 10 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10401
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceAstronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/6/178/10/17

Fingerprint

Timing
hollow
time measurement
Fiber
fibers
Fibers
Optical Fiber
optical communication
Optical fibers
Glass
glass
optical fibers
Propagation
Optical Metrology
Temperature
propagation
air
Space applications
Air
navigation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Van Newkirk, A., Antonio Lopez, J. E., Amezcua Correa, R., Schülzgen, A., & Mazurowski, J. (2017). Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications. In T. B. Hull, P. Hallibert, & D. W. Kim (Eds.), Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems [104010F] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10401). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276859
Van Newkirk, Amy ; Antonio Lopez, J. E. ; Amezcua Correa, Rodrigo ; Schülzgen, Axel ; Mazurowski, John. / Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications. Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems. editor / Tony B. Hull ; Pascal Hallibert ; Dae Wook Kim. SPIE, 2017. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{dafb8d69099c4965893dc89506e842d5,
title = "Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications",
abstract = "Many applications rely on the ultra-precise timing of optical signals through fiber, such as fiber interferometers, large telescope arrays, in phase arrayed antennae, optical metrology, and precision navigation and tracking. Environmental changes, specifically those caused by temperature fluctuations, lead to variations in the propagation delay of optical signals and thereby decrease the accuracy of the system's timing. The cause of these variations in delay is the change in the glass properties of the optical fiber with temperature. Both the refractive index of the glass and the length of the fiber are dependent on the ambient temperature. Traditional optical fiber suffers from a delay sensitivity of 39 ps/km/K. We are reducing the temperature sensitivity of the fiber delay through the application of a novel design of optical fiber, Anti-Resonant Hollow Core Fiber. The major improvement in the thermal sensitivity of this fiber comes from the fact that the light is guided in an air core, with very little overlap into the glass structure. This drastically reduces the impact that the thermally sensitive glass properties have on the propagation time of the optical signal. Additionally, hollow core fiber is inherently radiation insensitive, due to the light guidance in air, making it suitable for space applications.",
author = "{Van Newkirk}, Amy and {Antonio Lopez}, {J. E.} and {Amezcua Correa}, Rodrigo and Axel Sch{\"u}lzgen and John Mazurowski",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1117/12.2276859",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "SPIE",
editor = "Hull, {Tony B.} and Pascal Hallibert and Kim, {Dae Wook}",
booktitle = "Astronomical Optics",
address = "United States",

}

Van Newkirk, A, Antonio Lopez, JE, Amezcua Correa, R, Schülzgen, A & Mazurowski, J 2017, Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications. in TB Hull, P Hallibert & DW Kim (eds), Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems., 104010F, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10401, SPIE, Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems 2017, San Diego, United States, 8/6/17. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276859

Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications. / Van Newkirk, Amy; Antonio Lopez, J. E.; Amezcua Correa, Rodrigo; Schülzgen, Axel; Mazurowski, John.

Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems. ed. / Tony B. Hull; Pascal Hallibert; Dae Wook Kim. SPIE, 2017. 104010F (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10401).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications

AU - Van Newkirk, Amy

AU - Antonio Lopez, J. E.

AU - Amezcua Correa, Rodrigo

AU - Schülzgen, Axel

AU - Mazurowski, John

PY - 2017/9/7

Y1 - 2017/9/7

N2 - Many applications rely on the ultra-precise timing of optical signals through fiber, such as fiber interferometers, large telescope arrays, in phase arrayed antennae, optical metrology, and precision navigation and tracking. Environmental changes, specifically those caused by temperature fluctuations, lead to variations in the propagation delay of optical signals and thereby decrease the accuracy of the system's timing. The cause of these variations in delay is the change in the glass properties of the optical fiber with temperature. Both the refractive index of the glass and the length of the fiber are dependent on the ambient temperature. Traditional optical fiber suffers from a delay sensitivity of 39 ps/km/K. We are reducing the temperature sensitivity of the fiber delay through the application of a novel design of optical fiber, Anti-Resonant Hollow Core Fiber. The major improvement in the thermal sensitivity of this fiber comes from the fact that the light is guided in an air core, with very little overlap into the glass structure. This drastically reduces the impact that the thermally sensitive glass properties have on the propagation time of the optical signal. Additionally, hollow core fiber is inherently radiation insensitive, due to the light guidance in air, making it suitable for space applications.

AB - Many applications rely on the ultra-precise timing of optical signals through fiber, such as fiber interferometers, large telescope arrays, in phase arrayed antennae, optical metrology, and precision navigation and tracking. Environmental changes, specifically those caused by temperature fluctuations, lead to variations in the propagation delay of optical signals and thereby decrease the accuracy of the system's timing. The cause of these variations in delay is the change in the glass properties of the optical fiber with temperature. Both the refractive index of the glass and the length of the fiber are dependent on the ambient temperature. Traditional optical fiber suffers from a delay sensitivity of 39 ps/km/K. We are reducing the temperature sensitivity of the fiber delay through the application of a novel design of optical fiber, Anti-Resonant Hollow Core Fiber. The major improvement in the thermal sensitivity of this fiber comes from the fact that the light is guided in an air core, with very little overlap into the glass structure. This drastically reduces the impact that the thermally sensitive glass properties have on the propagation time of the optical signal. Additionally, hollow core fiber is inherently radiation insensitive, due to the light guidance in air, making it suitable for space applications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85038939509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85038939509&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2276859

DO - 10.1117/12.2276859

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Astronomical Optics

A2 - Hull, Tony B.

A2 - Hallibert, Pascal

A2 - Kim, Dae Wook

PB - SPIE

ER -

Van Newkirk A, Antonio Lopez JE, Amezcua Correa R, Schülzgen A, Mazurowski J. Anti-resonant hollow core fiber for precision timing applications. In Hull TB, Hallibert P, Kim DW, editors, Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems. SPIE. 2017. 104010F. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2276859