Porcine myeloperoxidase was evaluated for its antimicrobial activity against plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi. The results indicated that the enzyme, in the presence of a small amount of hydrogen peroxide, was effective against a broad spectrum of plant pathogens. The growth of seven bacterial species, including nine pathovars, from the genera Erwinia, Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas, was significantly inhibited by the enzyme at a concentration as low as 0.4 U ml-1 , while 4-0 U ml-1 was lethal to all plant pathogenic bacteria examined. Myeloperoxidase, at 40 U ml-1, was lethal to germinating spores from three isolates of the fungal plant pathogen Fusarium solani and two isolates from each of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and C. malvarum. The enzyme's antifungal effects on the rice blast pathogen Magnaporthe grisea were studied both in vitro and on host plants. The enzyme significantly inhibited spore germination of two isolates of M. grisea races IC17 and IB49 at concentrations over 16 U ml-1, and disintegration of fungal spore walls was caused by 80 U ml-1. The enzyme was even more effective in reducing disease incidence of blast on young rice plants treated with 0.5 U ml-1, while 2-5 U ml-1 resulted in complete inhibition of infection. These results support and further extend the suggestion that myeloperoxidase could be used as a broad-spectrum biocontrol agent or as a transgenically expressed protein to combat diseases caused by plant pathogenic bacteria and fungi.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology