Human pancreatic cancer is stimulated by the autocrine production of gastrin. In this study, the effects of administration of antisense oligonucleotides to gastrin on growth of pancreatic cancer were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Log phase BxPC-3 human pancreatic cancer cells in culture were exposed to increasing concentrations (0.5-10 μM) of a synthetic 20-mer antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotide to gastrin for 48 h and growth was assessed by the cellular proliferation assay. Growth was inhibited up to 88% by anti-gastrin oligonucleotides in a dose-related fashion compared to cells treated with diluent or a randomized sequence with the same composition as the anti-gastrin oligonucleotide. In vivo nude mice bearing BxPC-3 xenografts were treated daily for 14 days with a 0.1-ml intratumoral injection of either anti-gastrin (5 μM), the scrambled sequence control phosphorothioate oligonucleotide (5 μM), or buffer. Tumors from the anti-gastrin-treated mice were significantly smaller in volume and weight and had less gastrin detected by radioimmunoassay than either controls. These results support the role of gastrin as a stimulatory peptide for growth of human pancreatic cancer. Antisense oligonucleotide to gastrin may have a role in the future treatment of patients with pancreatic cancer. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research