APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing

Sophia Brunner, Adam Burton, Jeff Crane, Bo Zhao, Frederick R. Hearty, John C. Wilson, Larry Carey, French Leger, Mike Skrutskie, Ricardo Schiavon, Steven R. Majewski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) near-infrared spectrograph has motivated thorough investigation into the properties and performance of optical fibers. The fiber selected for APOGEE is a step index, multi-mode fiber, developed by PolyMicro, with a 120μm low OH, fused silica core, 25μm cladding, and 10μm buffer. The instrument design includes a 40 meter fiber run, connecting the spectrograph to the 2.5m Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope, and an additional 2.5 meter fiber segment located within the instrument dewar, a vacuum-sealed, cryogenic environment. This light path is convoluted and includes many transitions and connections where the beam is susceptible irrevocable loss. To optimize the spectrograph performance it is necessary to minimize the losses incurred in the fiber system, especially those resulting in focal ratio degradation (FRD). The focus of this research has been to identify potential sources of loss and where applicable, select material components to minimize this effect. There is little previous documented work concerning the performance of optical fibers within this wavelength band (1.5-1.7μm). Consequently, the following includes comprehensive explanations of the APOGEE fiber system components, our experimental design and optical test bed set-up, beam alignment procedures, fiber terminating and polishing techniques, and results from our examination of FRD as correlated with source wavelength, fiber length and termination, and environmental conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III
Volume7735
EditionPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 12 2010
EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2010Jul 2 2010

Other

OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period6/27/107/2/10

Fingerprint

galactic evolution
Observatories
Observatory
observatories
Degradation
Fiber
degradation
Testing
fibers
Fibers
Spectrograph
Experiment
Experiments
Spectrographs
spectrographs
Optical Fiber
Optical fibers
Infrared spectrographs
Wavelength
optical fibers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Brunner, S., Burton, A., Crane, J., Zhao, B., Hearty, F. R., Wilson, J. C., ... Majewski, S. R. (2010). APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing. In Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III (PART 1 ed., Vol. 7735). [77356A] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.857223
Brunner, Sophia ; Burton, Adam ; Crane, Jeff ; Zhao, Bo ; Hearty, Frederick R. ; Wilson, John C. ; Carey, Larry ; Leger, French ; Skrutskie, Mike ; Schiavon, Ricardo ; Majewski, Steven R. / APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing. Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III. Vol. 7735 PART 1. ed. 2010.
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abstract = "Development of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) near-infrared spectrograph has motivated thorough investigation into the properties and performance of optical fibers. The fiber selected for APOGEE is a step index, multi-mode fiber, developed by PolyMicro, with a 120μm low OH, fused silica core, 25μm cladding, and 10μm buffer. The instrument design includes a 40 meter fiber run, connecting the spectrograph to the 2.5m Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope, and an additional 2.5 meter fiber segment located within the instrument dewar, a vacuum-sealed, cryogenic environment. This light path is convoluted and includes many transitions and connections where the beam is susceptible irrevocable loss. To optimize the spectrograph performance it is necessary to minimize the losses incurred in the fiber system, especially those resulting in focal ratio degradation (FRD). The focus of this research has been to identify potential sources of loss and where applicable, select material components to minimize this effect. There is little previous documented work concerning the performance of optical fibers within this wavelength band (1.5-1.7μm). Consequently, the following includes comprehensive explanations of the APOGEE fiber system components, our experimental design and optical test bed set-up, beam alignment procedures, fiber terminating and polishing techniques, and results from our examination of FRD as correlated with source wavelength, fiber length and termination, and environmental conditions.",
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Brunner, S, Burton, A, Crane, J, Zhao, B, Hearty, FR, Wilson, JC, Carey, L, Leger, F, Skrutskie, M, Schiavon, R & Majewski, SR 2010, APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing. in Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III. PART 1 edn, vol. 7735, 77356A, Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III, San Diego, CA, United States, 6/27/10. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.857223

APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing. / Brunner, Sophia; Burton, Adam; Crane, Jeff; Zhao, Bo; Hearty, Frederick R.; Wilson, John C.; Carey, Larry; Leger, French; Skrutskie, Mike; Schiavon, Ricardo; Majewski, Steven R.

Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III. Vol. 7735 PART 1. ed. 2010. 77356A.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Brunner S, Burton A, Crane J, Zhao B, Hearty FR, Wilson JC et al. APOGEE fiber development and FRD testing. In Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy III. PART 1 ed. Vol. 7735. 2010. 77356A https://doi.org/10.1117/12.857223