Application of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) to the qualitative analysis of essential oils

Jean Marie D. Dimandja, Stephen B. Stanfill, James Grainger, Donald George Jr Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the separation of moderately complex samples by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC). The analysis of peppermint (Mentha piperita) and spearmint (Mentha spicata) essential oil components, including acetates, alcohols, furans, ketones, sesquiterpenes, and terpenes, was achieved by one-dimensional gas chromatography with quadrupole mass spectrometry detection (GC/MSD) and GC x GC with flame ionization detection. Peppermint essential oil was found to contain 89 identifiable peaks by GC x GC compared to 30 peaks in the GC/MSD chromatogram. Likewise, 68 peaks were found in the GC x GC chromatogram of spearmint (compared to 28 in GC/MSD). Plots of the first dimension versus second dimension retention times provided a fingerprint of the two essential oils, which revealed 52 similar compounds between the two essential oils as opposed to 18 matches by 1D GC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-214
Number of pages7
JournalHRC Journal of High Resolution Chromatography
Volume23
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Essential oils
Volatile Oils
Gas chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Terpenes
Furans
Sesquiterpenes
Ketones
Ionization
Acetates
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Dimandja, Jean Marie D. ; Stanfill, Stephen B. ; Grainger, James ; Patterson, Donald George Jr. / Application of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) to the qualitative analysis of essential oils. In: HRC Journal of High Resolution Chromatography. 2000 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 208-214.
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Application of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) to the qualitative analysis of essential oils. / Dimandja, Jean Marie D.; Stanfill, Stephen B.; Grainger, James; Patterson, Donald George Jr.

In: HRC Journal of High Resolution Chromatography, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 208-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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