Application of live-cell RNA imaging techniques to the study of retroviral RNA trafficking

Darrin V. Bann, Leslie J. Parent

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retroviruses produce full-length RNA that serves both as a genomic RNA (gRNA), which is encapsidated into virus particles, and as an mRNA, which directs the synthesis of viral structural proteins. However, we are only beginning to understand the cellular and viral factors that influence trafficking of retroviral RNA and the selection of the RNA for encapsidation or translation. Live cell imaging studies of retroviral RNA trafficking have provided important insight into many aspects of the retrovirus life cycle including transcription dynamics, nuclear export of viral RNA, translational regulation, membrane targeting, and condensation of the gRNA during virion assembly. Here, we review cutting-edge techniques to visualize single RNA molecules in live cells and discuss the application of these systems to studying retroviral RNA trafficking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)963-979
Number of pages17
JournalViruses
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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