Application of particle population model to determine the contribution to slag, flyash, and syngas in entrained flow gasification from particle size distribution

Latosha Gibson, Nari Soundarrajan, James Spenik, Jinliang Ma, Lawrence Shadle, Sarma V. Pisupati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During entrained coal gasification any inefficiency in the slagging process leads to overall process inefficiencies and fouling of downstream equipment. A coal particle population model was developed to evaluate the conversion and partitioning of diverse heterogeneous coal particles into slag and flyash. A Pittsburgh No. 8 coal sample was separated into four gravity fractions by float-sink separation. Each density cut was further separated into seven size fractions. These fractions were individually characterized to evaluate the resulting conversion and partitioning into slag and flyash. The sticking probability varied among the four specific gravity fractions as a function of temperature while little or negligible variance among the size fractions was observed for conventional viscosity models. However, this was not the case, when using the contact angle to account for the influence of carbon. By expressing the contact angle as a function of carbon content and the temperature of critical viscosity, the behavior of reacting coal particles striking the gasifier wall could be evaluated. Capture efficiencies were predicted to be higher for particles from smaller size and lower specific gravity fractions. A sensitivity analysis indicated that decreasing the amount of the larger size fractions reduces the formation of flyash since it increases mineral capture in slag, with a slight increase in syngas production due to the larger carbon conversion in smaller size fractions versus larger size fractions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7681-7695
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2013

Fingerprint

Coal
Gasification
Particle size analysis
Slags
Carbon
Density (specific gravity)
Contact angle
Viscosity
Coal gasification
Fouling
Sensitivity analysis
Minerals
Gravitation
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Gibson, Latosha ; Soundarrajan, Nari ; Spenik, James ; Ma, Jinliang ; Shadle, Lawrence ; Pisupati, Sarma V. / Application of particle population model to determine the contribution to slag, flyash, and syngas in entrained flow gasification from particle size distribution. In: Energy and Fuels. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 12. pp. 7681-7695.
@article{b1232db379d549d58b026e3a70ece08f,
title = "Application of particle population model to determine the contribution to slag, flyash, and syngas in entrained flow gasification from particle size distribution",
abstract = "During entrained coal gasification any inefficiency in the slagging process leads to overall process inefficiencies and fouling of downstream equipment. A coal particle population model was developed to evaluate the conversion and partitioning of diverse heterogeneous coal particles into slag and flyash. A Pittsburgh No. 8 coal sample was separated into four gravity fractions by float-sink separation. Each density cut was further separated into seven size fractions. These fractions were individually characterized to evaluate the resulting conversion and partitioning into slag and flyash. The sticking probability varied among the four specific gravity fractions as a function of temperature while little or negligible variance among the size fractions was observed for conventional viscosity models. However, this was not the case, when using the contact angle to account for the influence of carbon. By expressing the contact angle as a function of carbon content and the temperature of critical viscosity, the behavior of reacting coal particles striking the gasifier wall could be evaluated. Capture efficiencies were predicted to be higher for particles from smaller size and lower specific gravity fractions. A sensitivity analysis indicated that decreasing the amount of the larger size fractions reduces the formation of flyash since it increases mineral capture in slag, with a slight increase in syngas production due to the larger carbon conversion in smaller size fractions versus larger size fractions.",
author = "Latosha Gibson and Nari Soundarrajan and James Spenik and Jinliang Ma and Lawrence Shadle and Pisupati, {Sarma V.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1021/ef401414r",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "7681--7695",
journal = "Energy & Fuels",
issn = "0887-0624",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "12",

}

Application of particle population model to determine the contribution to slag, flyash, and syngas in entrained flow gasification from particle size distribution. / Gibson, Latosha; Soundarrajan, Nari; Spenik, James; Ma, Jinliang; Shadle, Lawrence; Pisupati, Sarma V.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 27, No. 12, 19.12.2013, p. 7681-7695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of particle population model to determine the contribution to slag, flyash, and syngas in entrained flow gasification from particle size distribution

AU - Gibson, Latosha

AU - Soundarrajan, Nari

AU - Spenik, James

AU - Ma, Jinliang

AU - Shadle, Lawrence

AU - Pisupati, Sarma V.

PY - 2013/12/19

Y1 - 2013/12/19

N2 - During entrained coal gasification any inefficiency in the slagging process leads to overall process inefficiencies and fouling of downstream equipment. A coal particle population model was developed to evaluate the conversion and partitioning of diverse heterogeneous coal particles into slag and flyash. A Pittsburgh No. 8 coal sample was separated into four gravity fractions by float-sink separation. Each density cut was further separated into seven size fractions. These fractions were individually characterized to evaluate the resulting conversion and partitioning into slag and flyash. The sticking probability varied among the four specific gravity fractions as a function of temperature while little or negligible variance among the size fractions was observed for conventional viscosity models. However, this was not the case, when using the contact angle to account for the influence of carbon. By expressing the contact angle as a function of carbon content and the temperature of critical viscosity, the behavior of reacting coal particles striking the gasifier wall could be evaluated. Capture efficiencies were predicted to be higher for particles from smaller size and lower specific gravity fractions. A sensitivity analysis indicated that decreasing the amount of the larger size fractions reduces the formation of flyash since it increases mineral capture in slag, with a slight increase in syngas production due to the larger carbon conversion in smaller size fractions versus larger size fractions.

AB - During entrained coal gasification any inefficiency in the slagging process leads to overall process inefficiencies and fouling of downstream equipment. A coal particle population model was developed to evaluate the conversion and partitioning of diverse heterogeneous coal particles into slag and flyash. A Pittsburgh No. 8 coal sample was separated into four gravity fractions by float-sink separation. Each density cut was further separated into seven size fractions. These fractions were individually characterized to evaluate the resulting conversion and partitioning into slag and flyash. The sticking probability varied among the four specific gravity fractions as a function of temperature while little or negligible variance among the size fractions was observed for conventional viscosity models. However, this was not the case, when using the contact angle to account for the influence of carbon. By expressing the contact angle as a function of carbon content and the temperature of critical viscosity, the behavior of reacting coal particles striking the gasifier wall could be evaluated. Capture efficiencies were predicted to be higher for particles from smaller size and lower specific gravity fractions. A sensitivity analysis indicated that decreasing the amount of the larger size fractions reduces the formation of flyash since it increases mineral capture in slag, with a slight increase in syngas production due to the larger carbon conversion in smaller size fractions versus larger size fractions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890898628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890898628&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/ef401414r

DO - 10.1021/ef401414r

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 7681

EP - 7695

JO - Energy & Fuels

JF - Energy & Fuels

SN - 0887-0624

IS - 12

ER -