Applications of carbon nanotubes in the twenty-first century

Morinobu Endo, Takuaya Hayashi, Yoong Ahm Kim, Mauricio Terrones Maldonado, Milred S. Dresselhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes, which consist of rolled graphene sheets built from sp2 hybridized carbon atoms, are now attracting scientists from various disciplines due to their fascinating physico-chemical properties. In this account, we will review the recent progress on the synthetic techniques for the large-scale production of carbon nanotubes, especially focusing on the floating-catalyst method used in the chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process. We will also describe effective purification methods avoiding structural damage, and discuss the electrochemical applications of these systems including the fabrication of: (i) lithium-ion secondary batteries; (ii) lead-acid batteries; (iii) electric double-layer capacitors; (iv) fuel cells; and (v) multifunctional fillers in polymer composites. We foresee that carbon nanotubes will find numerous applications and take an important place in the development of emerging technologies in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2223-2238
Number of pages16
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume362
Issue number1823
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2004

Fingerprint

Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Carbon
carbon nanotubes
Battery
lead acid batteries
storage batteries
Lead acid batteries
Secondary batteries
electrochemical capacitors
fillers
purification
chemical properties
Polymer Composites
Graphene
Chemical properties
floating
fuel cells
Purification
Fillers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Endo, Morinobu ; Hayashi, Takuaya ; Kim, Yoong Ahm ; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio ; Dresselhaus, Milred S. / Applications of carbon nanotubes in the twenty-first century. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2004 ; Vol. 362, No. 1823. pp. 2223-2238.
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Applications of carbon nanotubes in the twenty-first century. / Endo, Morinobu; Hayashi, Takuaya; Kim, Yoong Ahm; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio; Dresselhaus, Milred S.

In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 362, No. 1823, 15.10.2004, p. 2223-2238.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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