Applying Standards of Effectiveness to Noncontingent Reinforcement: A Systematic Literature Review

James N. Meindl, Jonathan William Ivy, Kathryn R. Glodowski, Komal Noordin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Noncontingent reinforcement is a time-based schedule of reinforcement that has been shown to decrease problem behavior. Although the intervention is considered well established, there exist concerns that much of the supporting research has been conducted under highly controlled experimental conditions that may lack ecological validity. That is, although the efficacy has been demonstrated, the effectiveness in less controlled settings has not. To evaluate this concern, we analyzed research on noncontingent reinforcement between 1993 and 2017. Standards of evidence for effectiveness were adapted from prevention science and applied to noncontingent reinforcement literature. We specifically focused on generalizability across populations and settings, the conditions under which the intervention was applied, specific treatment parameters, opportunity cost, and social validity. Our results indicate several areas where evidence of noncontingent reinforcement effectiveness in applied settings is limited. We identify these limitations and provide a range of recommendations for future research to promote more widespread dissemination of the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBehavior Modification
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Reinforcement Schedule
Research
Costs and Cost Analysis
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Literature Review
Reinforcement
Population
Controlled
Problem Behavior
Behavior Problems
Costs
Efficacy
Dissemination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{86c91ba64d5d488abe60916d089e3783,
title = "Applying Standards of Effectiveness to Noncontingent Reinforcement: A Systematic Literature Review",
abstract = "Noncontingent reinforcement is a time-based schedule of reinforcement that has been shown to decrease problem behavior. Although the intervention is considered well established, there exist concerns that much of the supporting research has been conducted under highly controlled experimental conditions that may lack ecological validity. That is, although the efficacy has been demonstrated, the effectiveness in less controlled settings has not. To evaluate this concern, we analyzed research on noncontingent reinforcement between 1993 and 2017. Standards of evidence for effectiveness were adapted from prevention science and applied to noncontingent reinforcement literature. We specifically focused on generalizability across populations and settings, the conditions under which the intervention was applied, specific treatment parameters, opportunity cost, and social validity. Our results indicate several areas where evidence of noncontingent reinforcement effectiveness in applied settings is limited. We identify these limitations and provide a range of recommendations for future research to promote more widespread dissemination of the procedure.",
author = "Meindl, {James N.} and Ivy, {Jonathan William} and Glodowski, {Kathryn R.} and Komal Noordin",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0145445519865073",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Behavior Modification",
issn = "0145-4455",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

Applying Standards of Effectiveness to Noncontingent Reinforcement : A Systematic Literature Review. / Meindl, James N.; Ivy, Jonathan William; Glodowski, Kathryn R.; Noordin, Komal.

In: Behavior Modification, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Applying Standards of Effectiveness to Noncontingent Reinforcement

T2 - A Systematic Literature Review

AU - Meindl, James N.

AU - Ivy, Jonathan William

AU - Glodowski, Kathryn R.

AU - Noordin, Komal

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Noncontingent reinforcement is a time-based schedule of reinforcement that has been shown to decrease problem behavior. Although the intervention is considered well established, there exist concerns that much of the supporting research has been conducted under highly controlled experimental conditions that may lack ecological validity. That is, although the efficacy has been demonstrated, the effectiveness in less controlled settings has not. To evaluate this concern, we analyzed research on noncontingent reinforcement between 1993 and 2017. Standards of evidence for effectiveness were adapted from prevention science and applied to noncontingent reinforcement literature. We specifically focused on generalizability across populations and settings, the conditions under which the intervention was applied, specific treatment parameters, opportunity cost, and social validity. Our results indicate several areas where evidence of noncontingent reinforcement effectiveness in applied settings is limited. We identify these limitations and provide a range of recommendations for future research to promote more widespread dissemination of the procedure.

AB - Noncontingent reinforcement is a time-based schedule of reinforcement that has been shown to decrease problem behavior. Although the intervention is considered well established, there exist concerns that much of the supporting research has been conducted under highly controlled experimental conditions that may lack ecological validity. That is, although the efficacy has been demonstrated, the effectiveness in less controlled settings has not. To evaluate this concern, we analyzed research on noncontingent reinforcement between 1993 and 2017. Standards of evidence for effectiveness were adapted from prevention science and applied to noncontingent reinforcement literature. We specifically focused on generalizability across populations and settings, the conditions under which the intervention was applied, specific treatment parameters, opportunity cost, and social validity. Our results indicate several areas where evidence of noncontingent reinforcement effectiveness in applied settings is limited. We identify these limitations and provide a range of recommendations for future research to promote more widespread dissemination of the procedure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071624203&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071624203&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0145445519865073

DO - 10.1177/0145445519865073

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31452379

AN - SCOPUS:85071624203

JO - Behavior Modification

JF - Behavior Modification

SN - 0145-4455

ER -