Appraisal and distancing responses to hurtful messages II: A diary study of dating partners and friends

Rachel M. McLaren, Denise Haunani Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine how the perceived intentionality of hurtful messages influences the extent to which people distance themselves from hurtful friends or dating partners by replicating the McLaren and Solomon (2008) study using a diary methodology. Based on appraisal theories of emotion, two hypotheses were advanced: Intensity of hurt is positively associated with relational distancing (H1), and perceived intentionality moderates the association between intensity of hurt and distancing (H2). Daily diaries were used to collect reports of hurtful episodes from participants (N=131) over a 14-day period. Hierarchical linear modeling results were consistent with the hypotheses. The authors discuss the theoretical implications of these results for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalCommunication Research Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication

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