Approach or avoidance (Or both?): Integrating core self-evaluations within an approach/avoidance framework

D. Lance Ferris, Christopher R. Rosen, Russell E. Johnson, Douglas J. Brown, Stephen D. Risavy, Daniel Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

Core self-evaluations (CSE) represent a new personality construct that, despite an accumulation of evidence regarding its predictive validity, provokes debate regarding the fundamental approach or avoidance nature of the construct. This set of studies sought to clarify the approach/avoidance nature of CSE by examining its relation with approach/avoidance personality traits and motivation constructs (Study 1); we subsequently examined approach/avoidance motivational mechanisms as mediators of the relation between CSE and job performance (Study 2). Overall, the studies demonstrate that CSE is best conceptualized as representing both (high) approach tendencies and (low) avoidance tendencies; implications of these findings for CSE theory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-161
Number of pages25
JournalPersonnel Psychology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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