Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use

Lucas Stephens, Dorian Fuller, Nicole Boivin, Torben Rick, Nicolas Gauthier, Andrea Kay, Ben Marwick, Chelsey Geralda Armstrong, C Michael Barton, Tim Denham, Kristina Douglass, Jonathan Driver, Lisa Janz, Patrick Roberts, J Daniel Rogers, Heather Thakar, Mark Altaweel, Amber L Johnson, Maria Marta Sampietro Vattuone, Mark Aldenderfer & 99 others Sonia Archila, Gilberto Artioli, Martin T Bale, Timothy Beach, Ferran Borrell, Todd Braje, Philip I Buckland, Nayeli Guadalupe Jiménez Cano, José M Capriles, Agustín Diez Castillo, Çiler Çilingiroğlu, Michelle Negus Cleary, James Conolly, Peter R Coutros, R Alan Covey, Mauro Cremaschi, Alison Crowther, Lindsay Der, Savino di Lernia, John F Doershuk, William E Doolittle, Kevin J Edwards, Jon M Erlandson, Damian Evans, Andrew Fairbairn, Patrick Faulkner, Gary Feinman, Ricardo Fernandes, Scott M Fitzpatrick, Ralph Fyfe, Elena Garcea, Steve Goldstein, Reed Charles Goodman, Jade Dalpoim Guedes, Jason Herrmann, Peter Hiscock, Peter Hommel, K Ann Horsburgh, Carrie Hritz, John W Ives, Aripekka Junno, Jennifer G Kahn, Brett Kaufman, Catherine Kearns, Tristram R Kidder, François Lanoë, Dan Lawrence, Gyoung-Ah Lee, Maureece J Levin, Henrik B Lindskoug, José Antonio López-Sáez, Scott Macrae, Rob Marchant, John M Marston, Sarah McClure, Mark D McCoy, Alicia Ventresca Miller, Michael Morrison, Giedre Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Johannes Müller, Ayushi Nayak, Sofwan Noerwidi, Tanya M Peres, Christian E Peterson, Lucas Proctor, Asa R Randall, Steve Renette, Gwen Robbins Schug, Krysta Ryzewski, Rakesh Saini, Vivian Scheinsohn, Peter Schmidt, Pauline Sebillaud, Oula Seitsonen, Arkadiusz Sołtysiak, Robert J Speakman, Robert N Spengler, Martina L Steffen, Michael J Storozum, Keir M Strickland, Jessica Thompson, T L Thurston, Sean Ulm, M Cemre Ustunkaya, Martin H Welker, Catherine West, Patrick Ryan Williams, David K Wright, Nathan Wright, Muhammad Zahir, Andrea Zerboni, Ella Beaudoin, Santiago Munevar Garcia, Jeremy Powell, Alexa Thornton, Jed O Kaplan, Marie-José Gaillard, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Erle Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-902
Number of pages6
JournalScience (New York, N.Y.)
Volume365
Issue number6456
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2019

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History
Data Accuracy
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Stephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N., Rick, T., Gauthier, N., Kay, A., ... Ellis, E. (2019). Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use. Science (New York, N.Y.), 365(6456), 897-902. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax1192
Stephens, Lucas ; Fuller, Dorian ; Boivin, Nicole ; Rick, Torben ; Gauthier, Nicolas ; Kay, Andrea ; Marwick, Ben ; Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda ; Barton, C Michael ; Denham, Tim ; Douglass, Kristina ; Driver, Jonathan ; Janz, Lisa ; Roberts, Patrick ; Rogers, J Daniel ; Thakar, Heather ; Altaweel, Mark ; Johnson, Amber L ; Sampietro Vattuone, Maria Marta ; Aldenderfer, Mark ; Archila, Sonia ; Artioli, Gilberto ; Bale, Martin T ; Beach, Timothy ; Borrell, Ferran ; Braje, Todd ; Buckland, Philip I ; Jiménez Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe ; Capriles, José M ; Diez Castillo, Agustín ; Çilingiroğlu, Çiler ; Negus Cleary, Michelle ; Conolly, James ; Coutros, Peter R ; Covey, R Alan ; Cremaschi, Mauro ; Crowther, Alison ; Der, Lindsay ; di Lernia, Savino ; Doershuk, John F ; Doolittle, William E ; Edwards, Kevin J ; Erlandson, Jon M ; Evans, Damian ; Fairbairn, Andrew ; Faulkner, Patrick ; Feinman, Gary ; Fernandes, Ricardo ; Fitzpatrick, Scott M ; Fyfe, Ralph ; Garcea, Elena ; Goldstein, Steve ; Goodman, Reed Charles ; Dalpoim Guedes, Jade ; Herrmann, Jason ; Hiscock, Peter ; Hommel, Peter ; Horsburgh, K Ann ; Hritz, Carrie ; Ives, John W ; Junno, Aripekka ; Kahn, Jennifer G ; Kaufman, Brett ; Kearns, Catherine ; Kidder, Tristram R ; Lanoë, François ; Lawrence, Dan ; Lee, Gyoung-Ah ; Levin, Maureece J ; Lindskoug, Henrik B ; López-Sáez, José Antonio ; Macrae, Scott ; Marchant, Rob ; Marston, John M ; McClure, Sarah ; McCoy, Mark D ; Miller, Alicia Ventresca ; Morrison, Michael ; Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Giedre ; Müller, Johannes ; Nayak, Ayushi ; Noerwidi, Sofwan ; Peres, Tanya M ; Peterson, Christian E ; Proctor, Lucas ; Randall, Asa R ; Renette, Steve ; Robbins Schug, Gwen ; Ryzewski, Krysta ; Saini, Rakesh ; Scheinsohn, Vivian ; Schmidt, Peter ; Sebillaud, Pauline ; Seitsonen, Oula ; Sołtysiak, Arkadiusz ; Speakman, Robert J ; Spengler, Robert N ; Steffen, Martina L ; Storozum, Michael J ; Strickland, Keir M ; Thompson, Jessica ; Thurston, T L ; Ulm, Sean ; Ustunkaya, M Cemre ; Welker, Martin H ; West, Catherine ; Williams, Patrick Ryan ; Wright, David K ; Wright, Nathan ; Zahir, Muhammad ; Zerboni, Andrea ; Beaudoin, Ella ; Munevar Garcia, Santiago ; Powell, Jeremy ; Thornton, Alexa ; Kaplan, Jed O ; Gaillard, Marie-José ; Klein Goldewijk, Kees ; Ellis, Erle. / Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use. In: Science (New York, N.Y.). 2019 ; Vol. 365, No. 6456. pp. 897-902.
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Stephens, L, Fuller, D, Boivin, N, Rick, T, Gauthier, N, Kay, A, Marwick, B, Armstrong, CG, Barton, CM, Denham, T, Douglass, K, Driver, J, Janz, L, Roberts, P, Rogers, JD, Thakar, H, Altaweel, M, Johnson, AL, Sampietro Vattuone, MM, Aldenderfer, M, Archila, S, Artioli, G, Bale, MT, Beach, T, Borrell, F, Braje, T, Buckland, PI, Jiménez Cano, NG, Capriles, JM, Diez Castillo, A, Çilingiroğlu, Ç, Negus Cleary, M, Conolly, J, Coutros, PR, Covey, RA, Cremaschi, M, Crowther, A, Der, L, di Lernia, S, Doershuk, JF, Doolittle, WE, Edwards, KJ, Erlandson, JM, Evans, D, Fairbairn, A, Faulkner, P, Feinman, G, Fernandes, R, Fitzpatrick, SM, Fyfe, R, Garcea, E, Goldstein, S, Goodman, RC, Dalpoim Guedes, J, Herrmann, J, Hiscock, P, Hommel, P, Horsburgh, KA, Hritz, C, Ives, JW, Junno, A, Kahn, JG, Kaufman, B, Kearns, C, Kidder, TR, Lanoë, F, Lawrence, D, Lee, G-A, Levin, MJ, Lindskoug, HB, López-Sáez, JA, Macrae, S, Marchant, R, Marston, JM, McClure, S, McCoy, MD, Miller, AV, Morrison, M, Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, G, Müller, J, Nayak, A, Noerwidi, S, Peres, TM, Peterson, CE, Proctor, L, Randall, AR, Renette, S, Robbins Schug, G, Ryzewski, K, Saini, R, Scheinsohn, V, Schmidt, P, Sebillaud, P, Seitsonen, O, Sołtysiak, A, Speakman, RJ, Spengler, RN, Steffen, ML, Storozum, MJ, Strickland, KM, Thompson, J, Thurston, TL, Ulm, S, Ustunkaya, MC, Welker, MH, West, C, Williams, PR, Wright, DK, Wright, N, Zahir, M, Zerboni, A, Beaudoin, E, Munevar Garcia, S, Powell, J, Thornton, A, Kaplan, JO, Gaillard, M-J, Klein Goldewijk, K & Ellis, E 2019, 'Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use', Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 365, no. 6456, pp. 897-902. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax1192

Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use. / Stephens, Lucas; Fuller, Dorian; Boivin, Nicole; Rick, Torben; Gauthier, Nicolas; Kay, Andrea; Marwick, Ben; Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda; Barton, C Michael; Denham, Tim; Douglass, Kristina; Driver, Jonathan; Janz, Lisa; Roberts, Patrick; Rogers, J Daniel; Thakar, Heather; Altaweel, Mark; Johnson, Amber L; Sampietro Vattuone, Maria Marta; Aldenderfer, Mark; Archila, Sonia; Artioli, Gilberto; Bale, Martin T; Beach, Timothy; Borrell, Ferran; Braje, Todd; Buckland, Philip I; Jiménez Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe; Capriles, José M; Diez Castillo, Agustín; Çilingiroğlu, Çiler; Negus Cleary, Michelle; Conolly, James; Coutros, Peter R; Covey, R Alan; Cremaschi, Mauro; Crowther, Alison; Der, Lindsay; di Lernia, Savino; Doershuk, John F; Doolittle, William E; Edwards, Kevin J; Erlandson, Jon M; Evans, Damian; Fairbairn, Andrew; Faulkner, Patrick; Feinman, Gary; Fernandes, Ricardo; Fitzpatrick, Scott M; Fyfe, Ralph; Garcea, Elena; Goldstein, Steve; Goodman, Reed Charles; Dalpoim Guedes, Jade; Herrmann, Jason; Hiscock, Peter; Hommel, Peter; Horsburgh, K Ann; Hritz, Carrie; Ives, John W; Junno, Aripekka; Kahn, Jennifer G; Kaufman, Brett; Kearns, Catherine; Kidder, Tristram R; Lanoë, François; Lawrence, Dan; Lee, Gyoung-Ah; Levin, Maureece J; Lindskoug, Henrik B; López-Sáez, José Antonio; Macrae, Scott; Marchant, Rob; Marston, John M; McClure, Sarah; McCoy, Mark D; Miller, Alicia Ventresca; Morrison, Michael; Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Giedre; Müller, Johannes; Nayak, Ayushi; Noerwidi, Sofwan; Peres, Tanya M; Peterson, Christian E; Proctor, Lucas; Randall, Asa R; Renette, Steve; Robbins Schug, Gwen; Ryzewski, Krysta; Saini, Rakesh; Scheinsohn, Vivian; Schmidt, Peter; Sebillaud, Pauline; Seitsonen, Oula; Sołtysiak, Arkadiusz; Speakman, Robert J; Spengler, Robert N; Steffen, Martina L; Storozum, Michael J; Strickland, Keir M; Thompson, Jessica; Thurston, T L; Ulm, Sean; Ustunkaya, M Cemre; Welker, Martin H; West, Catherine; Williams, Patrick Ryan; Wright, David K; Wright, Nathan; Zahir, Muhammad; Zerboni, Andrea; Beaudoin, Ella; Munevar Garcia, Santiago; Powell, Jeremy; Thornton, Alexa; Kaplan, Jed O; Gaillard, Marie-José; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Ellis, Erle.

In: Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 365, No. 6456, 30.08.2019, p. 897-902.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use

AU - Stephens, Lucas

AU - Fuller, Dorian

AU - Boivin, Nicole

AU - Rick, Torben

AU - Gauthier, Nicolas

AU - Kay, Andrea

AU - Marwick, Ben

AU - Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda

AU - Barton, C Michael

AU - Denham, Tim

AU - Douglass, Kristina

AU - Driver, Jonathan

AU - Janz, Lisa

AU - Roberts, Patrick

AU - Rogers, J Daniel

AU - Thakar, Heather

AU - Altaweel, Mark

AU - Johnson, Amber L

AU - Sampietro Vattuone, Maria Marta

AU - Aldenderfer, Mark

AU - Archila, Sonia

AU - Artioli, Gilberto

AU - Bale, Martin T

AU - Beach, Timothy

AU - Borrell, Ferran

AU - Braje, Todd

AU - Buckland, Philip I

AU - Jiménez Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe

AU - Capriles, José M

AU - Diez Castillo, Agustín

AU - Çilingiroğlu, Çiler

AU - Negus Cleary, Michelle

AU - Conolly, James

AU - Coutros, Peter R

AU - Covey, R Alan

AU - Cremaschi, Mauro

AU - Crowther, Alison

AU - Der, Lindsay

AU - di Lernia, Savino

AU - Doershuk, John F

AU - Doolittle, William E

AU - Edwards, Kevin J

AU - Erlandson, Jon M

AU - Evans, Damian

AU - Fairbairn, Andrew

AU - Faulkner, Patrick

AU - Feinman, Gary

AU - Fernandes, Ricardo

AU - Fitzpatrick, Scott M

AU - Fyfe, Ralph

AU - Garcea, Elena

AU - Goldstein, Steve

AU - Goodman, Reed Charles

AU - Dalpoim Guedes, Jade

AU - Herrmann, Jason

AU - Hiscock, Peter

AU - Hommel, Peter

AU - Horsburgh, K Ann

AU - Hritz, Carrie

AU - Ives, John W

AU - Junno, Aripekka

AU - Kahn, Jennifer G

AU - Kaufman, Brett

AU - Kearns, Catherine

AU - Kidder, Tristram R

AU - Lanoë, François

AU - Lawrence, Dan

AU - Lee, Gyoung-Ah

AU - Levin, Maureece J

AU - Lindskoug, Henrik B

AU - López-Sáez, José Antonio

AU - Macrae, Scott

AU - Marchant, Rob

AU - Marston, John M

AU - McClure, Sarah

AU - McCoy, Mark D

AU - Miller, Alicia Ventresca

AU - Morrison, Michael

AU - Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Giedre

AU - Müller, Johannes

AU - Nayak, Ayushi

AU - Noerwidi, Sofwan

AU - Peres, Tanya M

AU - Peterson, Christian E

AU - Proctor, Lucas

AU - Randall, Asa R

AU - Renette, Steve

AU - Robbins Schug, Gwen

AU - Ryzewski, Krysta

AU - Saini, Rakesh

AU - Scheinsohn, Vivian

AU - Schmidt, Peter

AU - Sebillaud, Pauline

AU - Seitsonen, Oula

AU - Sołtysiak, Arkadiusz

AU - Speakman, Robert J

AU - Spengler, Robert N

AU - Steffen, Martina L

AU - Storozum, Michael J

AU - Strickland, Keir M

AU - Thompson, Jessica

AU - Thurston, T L

AU - Ulm, Sean

AU - Ustunkaya, M Cemre

AU - Welker, Martin H

AU - West, Catherine

AU - Williams, Patrick Ryan

AU - Wright, David K

AU - Wright, Nathan

AU - Zahir, Muhammad

AU - Zerboni, Andrea

AU - Beaudoin, Ella

AU - Munevar Garcia, Santiago

AU - Powell, Jeremy

AU - Thornton, Alexa

AU - Kaplan, Jed O

AU - Gaillard, Marie-José

AU - Klein Goldewijk, Kees

AU - Ellis, Erle

N1 - Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

PY - 2019/8/30

Y1 - 2019/8/30

N2 - Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

AB - Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth's transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

U2 - 10.1126/science.aax1192

DO - 10.1126/science.aax1192

M3 - Article

VL - 365

SP - 897

EP - 902

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6456

ER -

Stephens L, Fuller D, Boivin N, Rick T, Gauthier N, Kay A et al. Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2019 Aug 30;365(6456):897-902. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax1192