Arcus: The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer

R. K. Smith, M. H. Abraham, R. Allured, M. Bautz, J. Bookbinder, J. N. Bregman, L. Brenneman, N. S. Brickhouse, D. N. Burrows, V. Burwitz, R. Carvalho, P. N. Cheimets, E. Costantini, S. Dawson, C. DeRoo, A. Falcone, A. R. Foster, C. E. Grant, R. K. Heilmann, E. HertzB. Hine, D. Huenemoerder, J. S. Kaastra, K. K. Madsen, R. L. McEntaffer, E. D. Miller, J. Miller, E. Morse, R. Mushotzky, K. Nandra, M. Nowak, F. Paerels, R. Petre, L. Plice, K. Poppenhaeger, A. Ptak, P. Reid, J. Sanders, M. L. Schattenburg, N. Schulz, A. Smale, P. Temi, L. Valencic, S. Walker, R. Willingale, J. Wilms, S. J. Wolk

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arcus will be proposed to the NASA Explorer program as a free-flying satellite mission that will enable high-resolution soft X-ray spectroscopy (8-50Å) with unprecedented sensitivity - effective areas of >500 sq cm and spectral resolution >2500. The Arcus key science goals are (1) to determine how baryons cycle in and out of galaxies by measuring the effects of structure formation imprinted upon the hot gas that is predicted to lie in extended halos around galaxies, groups, and clusters, (2) to determine how black holes influence their surroundings by tracing the propagation of out-flowing mass, energy and momentum from the vicinity of the black hole out to large scales and (3) to understand how accretion forms and evolves stars and circumstellar disks by observing hot infalling and outflowing gas in these systems. Arcus relies upon grazing-incidence silicon pore X-ray optics with the same 12m focal length (achieved using an extendable optical bench) that will be used for the ESA Athena mission. The focused X-rays from these optics will then be diffracted by high-efficiency off-plane reflection gratings that have already been demonstrated on sub-orbital rocket flights, imaging the results with flight-proven CCD detectors and electronics. The power and telemetry requirements on the spacecraft are modest. The majority of mission operations will not be complex, as most observations will be long (∼100 ksec), uninterrupted, and pre-planned, although there will be limited capabilities to observe targets of opportunity, such as tidal disruption events or supernovae with a 3-5 day turnaround. After the end of prime science, we plan to allow guest observations to maximize the science return of Arcus to the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
EditorsMarshall Bautz, Tadayuki Takahashi, Jan-Willem A. den Herder
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510601895
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 26 2016Jul 1 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9905
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period6/26/167/1/16

Fingerprint

Galaxies
Diffraction gratings
Spectrometer
Gratings
Black Holes
Spectrometers
Gases
X ray optics
gratings
spectrometers
X-ray Optics
Telemetry
X rays
Accretion
Soft X-ray
X-ray Spectroscopy
Supernovae
Spectral resolution
Spectral Resolution
Telemetering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Smith, R. K., Abraham, M. H., Allured, R., Bautz, M., Bookbinder, J., Bregman, J. N., ... Wolk, S. J. (2016). Arcus: The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer. In M. Bautz, T. Takahashi, & J-W. A. den Herder (Eds.), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [99054M] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9905). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231778
Smith, R. K. ; Abraham, M. H. ; Allured, R. ; Bautz, M. ; Bookbinder, J. ; Bregman, J. N. ; Brenneman, L. ; Brickhouse, N. S. ; Burrows, D. N. ; Burwitz, V. ; Carvalho, R. ; Cheimets, P. N. ; Costantini, E. ; Dawson, S. ; DeRoo, C. ; Falcone, A. ; Foster, A. R. ; Grant, C. E. ; Heilmann, R. K. ; Hertz, E. ; Hine, B. ; Huenemoerder, D. ; Kaastra, J. S. ; Madsen, K. K. ; McEntaffer, R. L. ; Miller, E. D. ; Miller, J. ; Morse, E. ; Mushotzky, R. ; Nandra, K. ; Nowak, M. ; Paerels, F. ; Petre, R. ; Plice, L. ; Poppenhaeger, K. ; Ptak, A. ; Reid, P. ; Sanders, J. ; Schattenburg, M. L. ; Schulz, N. ; Smale, A. ; Temi, P. ; Valencic, L. ; Walker, S. ; Willingale, R. ; Wilms, J. ; Wolk, S. J. / Arcus : The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. editor / Marshall Bautz ; Tadayuki Takahashi ; Jan-Willem A. den Herder. SPIE, 2016. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{7faf8ff189664f3db8065c6ae965247b,
title = "Arcus: The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer",
abstract = "Arcus will be proposed to the NASA Explorer program as a free-flying satellite mission that will enable high-resolution soft X-ray spectroscopy (8-50{\AA}) with unprecedented sensitivity - effective areas of >500 sq cm and spectral resolution >2500. The Arcus key science goals are (1) to determine how baryons cycle in and out of galaxies by measuring the effects of structure formation imprinted upon the hot gas that is predicted to lie in extended halos around galaxies, groups, and clusters, (2) to determine how black holes influence their surroundings by tracing the propagation of out-flowing mass, energy and momentum from the vicinity of the black hole out to large scales and (3) to understand how accretion forms and evolves stars and circumstellar disks by observing hot infalling and outflowing gas in these systems. Arcus relies upon grazing-incidence silicon pore X-ray optics with the same 12m focal length (achieved using an extendable optical bench) that will be used for the ESA Athena mission. The focused X-rays from these optics will then be diffracted by high-efficiency off-plane reflection gratings that have already been demonstrated on sub-orbital rocket flights, imaging the results with flight-proven CCD detectors and electronics. The power and telemetry requirements on the spacecraft are modest. The majority of mission operations will not be complex, as most observations will be long (∼100 ksec), uninterrupted, and pre-planned, although there will be limited capabilities to observe targets of opportunity, such as tidal disruption events or supernovae with a 3-5 day turnaround. After the end of prime science, we plan to allow guest observations to maximize the science return of Arcus to the community.",
author = "Smith, {R. K.} and Abraham, {M. H.} and R. Allured and M. Bautz and J. Bookbinder and Bregman, {J. N.} and L. Brenneman and Brickhouse, {N. S.} and Burrows, {D. N.} and V. Burwitz and R. Carvalho and Cheimets, {P. N.} and E. Costantini and S. Dawson and C. DeRoo and A. Falcone and Foster, {A. R.} and Grant, {C. E.} and Heilmann, {R. K.} and E. Hertz and B. Hine and D. Huenemoerder and Kaastra, {J. S.} and Madsen, {K. K.} and McEntaffer, {R. L.} and Miller, {E. D.} and J. Miller and E. Morse and R. Mushotzky and K. Nandra and M. Nowak and F. Paerels and R. Petre and L. Plice and K. Poppenhaeger and A. Ptak and P. Reid and J. Sanders and Schattenburg, {M. L.} and N. Schulz and A. Smale and P. Temi and L. Valencic and S. Walker and R. Willingale and J. Wilms and Wolk, {S. J.}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2231778",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "SPIE",
editor = "Marshall Bautz and Tadayuki Takahashi and {den Herder}, {Jan-Willem A.}",
booktitle = "Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016",
address = "United States",

}

Smith, RK, Abraham, MH, Allured, R, Bautz, M, Bookbinder, J, Bregman, JN, Brenneman, L, Brickhouse, NS, Burrows, DN, Burwitz, V, Carvalho, R, Cheimets, PN, Costantini, E, Dawson, S, DeRoo, C, Falcone, A, Foster, AR, Grant, CE, Heilmann, RK, Hertz, E, Hine, B, Huenemoerder, D, Kaastra, JS, Madsen, KK, McEntaffer, RL, Miller, ED, Miller, J, Morse, E, Mushotzky, R, Nandra, K, Nowak, M, Paerels, F, Petre, R, Plice, L, Poppenhaeger, K, Ptak, A, Reid, P, Sanders, J, Schattenburg, ML, Schulz, N, Smale, A, Temi, P, Valencic, L, Walker, S, Willingale, R, Wilms, J & Wolk, SJ 2016, Arcus: The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer. in M Bautz, T Takahashi & J-WA den Herder (eds), Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray., 99054M, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 9905, SPIE, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 6/26/16. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231778

Arcus : The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer. / Smith, R. K.; Abraham, M. H.; Allured, R.; Bautz, M.; Bookbinder, J.; Bregman, J. N.; Brenneman, L.; Brickhouse, N. S.; Burrows, D. N.; Burwitz, V.; Carvalho, R.; Cheimets, P. N.; Costantini, E.; Dawson, S.; DeRoo, C.; Falcone, A.; Foster, A. R.; Grant, C. E.; Heilmann, R. K.; Hertz, E.; Hine, B.; Huenemoerder, D.; Kaastra, J. S.; Madsen, K. K.; McEntaffer, R. L.; Miller, E. D.; Miller, J.; Morse, E.; Mushotzky, R.; Nandra, K.; Nowak, M.; Paerels, F.; Petre, R.; Plice, L.; Poppenhaeger, K.; Ptak, A.; Reid, P.; Sanders, J.; Schattenburg, M. L.; Schulz, N.; Smale, A.; Temi, P.; Valencic, L.; Walker, S.; Willingale, R.; Wilms, J.; Wolk, S. J.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. ed. / Marshall Bautz; Tadayuki Takahashi; Jan-Willem A. den Herder. SPIE, 2016. 99054M (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9905).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Arcus

T2 - The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer

AU - Smith, R. K.

AU - Abraham, M. H.

AU - Allured, R.

AU - Bautz, M.

AU - Bookbinder, J.

AU - Bregman, J. N.

AU - Brenneman, L.

AU - Brickhouse, N. S.

AU - Burrows, D. N.

AU - Burwitz, V.

AU - Carvalho, R.

AU - Cheimets, P. N.

AU - Costantini, E.

AU - Dawson, S.

AU - DeRoo, C.

AU - Falcone, A.

AU - Foster, A. R.

AU - Grant, C. E.

AU - Heilmann, R. K.

AU - Hertz, E.

AU - Hine, B.

AU - Huenemoerder, D.

AU - Kaastra, J. S.

AU - Madsen, K. K.

AU - McEntaffer, R. L.

AU - Miller, E. D.

AU - Miller, J.

AU - Morse, E.

AU - Mushotzky, R.

AU - Nandra, K.

AU - Nowak, M.

AU - Paerels, F.

AU - Petre, R.

AU - Plice, L.

AU - Poppenhaeger, K.

AU - Ptak, A.

AU - Reid, P.

AU - Sanders, J.

AU - Schattenburg, M. L.

AU - Schulz, N.

AU - Smale, A.

AU - Temi, P.

AU - Valencic, L.

AU - Walker, S.

AU - Willingale, R.

AU - Wilms, J.

AU - Wolk, S. J.

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Arcus will be proposed to the NASA Explorer program as a free-flying satellite mission that will enable high-resolution soft X-ray spectroscopy (8-50Å) with unprecedented sensitivity - effective areas of >500 sq cm and spectral resolution >2500. The Arcus key science goals are (1) to determine how baryons cycle in and out of galaxies by measuring the effects of structure formation imprinted upon the hot gas that is predicted to lie in extended halos around galaxies, groups, and clusters, (2) to determine how black holes influence their surroundings by tracing the propagation of out-flowing mass, energy and momentum from the vicinity of the black hole out to large scales and (3) to understand how accretion forms and evolves stars and circumstellar disks by observing hot infalling and outflowing gas in these systems. Arcus relies upon grazing-incidence silicon pore X-ray optics with the same 12m focal length (achieved using an extendable optical bench) that will be used for the ESA Athena mission. The focused X-rays from these optics will then be diffracted by high-efficiency off-plane reflection gratings that have already been demonstrated on sub-orbital rocket flights, imaging the results with flight-proven CCD detectors and electronics. The power and telemetry requirements on the spacecraft are modest. The majority of mission operations will not be complex, as most observations will be long (∼100 ksec), uninterrupted, and pre-planned, although there will be limited capabilities to observe targets of opportunity, such as tidal disruption events or supernovae with a 3-5 day turnaround. After the end of prime science, we plan to allow guest observations to maximize the science return of Arcus to the community.

AB - Arcus will be proposed to the NASA Explorer program as a free-flying satellite mission that will enable high-resolution soft X-ray spectroscopy (8-50Å) with unprecedented sensitivity - effective areas of >500 sq cm and spectral resolution >2500. The Arcus key science goals are (1) to determine how baryons cycle in and out of galaxies by measuring the effects of structure formation imprinted upon the hot gas that is predicted to lie in extended halos around galaxies, groups, and clusters, (2) to determine how black holes influence their surroundings by tracing the propagation of out-flowing mass, energy and momentum from the vicinity of the black hole out to large scales and (3) to understand how accretion forms and evolves stars and circumstellar disks by observing hot infalling and outflowing gas in these systems. Arcus relies upon grazing-incidence silicon pore X-ray optics with the same 12m focal length (achieved using an extendable optical bench) that will be used for the ESA Athena mission. The focused X-rays from these optics will then be diffracted by high-efficiency off-plane reflection gratings that have already been demonstrated on sub-orbital rocket flights, imaging the results with flight-proven CCD detectors and electronics. The power and telemetry requirements on the spacecraft are modest. The majority of mission operations will not be complex, as most observations will be long (∼100 ksec), uninterrupted, and pre-planned, although there will be limited capabilities to observe targets of opportunity, such as tidal disruption events or supernovae with a 3-5 day turnaround. After the end of prime science, we plan to allow guest observations to maximize the science return of Arcus to the community.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85003467425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85003467425&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2231778

DO - 10.1117/12.2231778

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85003467425

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016

A2 - Bautz, Marshall

A2 - Takahashi, Tadayuki

A2 - den Herder, Jan-Willem A.

PB - SPIE

ER -

Smith RK, Abraham MH, Allured R, Bautz M, Bookbinder J, Bregman JN et al. Arcus: The X-ray grating spectrometer explorer. In Bautz M, Takahashi T, den Herder J-WA, editors, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. SPIE. 2016. 99054M. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231778