Are optically selected quasars universally X-ray luminous? X-ray-UV relations in Sloan digital sky survey quasars

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Abstract

We analyze archived Chandra and XMM-Newton X-ray observations of 536 Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 5 (DR5) quasars (QSOs) at 1.7 ≤ z ≤ 2.7 in order to characterize the relative UV and X-ray spectral properties of QSOs that do not have broad UV absorption lines (BALs). We constrain the fraction of X-ray-weak, non-BAL QSOs and find that such objects are rare; for example, sources underluminous by a factor of 10 comprise ≲2% of optically selected SDSS QSOs. X-ray luminosities vary with respect to UV emission by a factor of ≲2 over several years for most sources. UV continuum reddening and the presence of narrow-line absorbing systems are not strongly associated with X-ray weakness in our sample. X-ray brightness is significantly correlated with UV emission-line properties, so that relatively X-ray-weak, non-BAL QSOs generally have weaker, blueshifted C IV λ1549 emission and broader C III] λ1909 lines. The C IV emission-line strength depends on both UV and X-ray luminosity, suggesting that the physical mechanism driving the global Baldwin effect is also associated with X-ray emission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-786
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume685
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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