Are reconstructed pre-instrumental hemispheric temperatures consistent with instrumental hemispheric temperatures?

N. G. Andronova, M. E. Schlesinger, Michael Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere near-surface temperatures from climate 'proxy' data such as tree rings, ice cores, and corals, suggest that late 20th century Northern Hemisphere mean warmth is anomalous in the context of the past several centuries and likely at least the past two millennia. Though substantial uncertainties in the paleoclimate reconstructions exist, these findings add to the evidence for a discernible human influence on climate. Here we use our simple climate model with six radiative-forcing reconstructions and climate sensitivity determined from instrumental temperatures over 1861 to 1997 to simulate the forced pre-instrumental hemispheric-average temperatures from 1500 to 1895. The model-simulated pre-instrumental temperatures indicate that the proxy temperature reconstructions are consistent with the instrumental temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, but are too warm in the Southern Hemisphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume31
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 28 2004

Fingerprint

Northern Hemisphere
climate
temperature
radiative forcing
climate models
Southern Hemisphere
tree ring
ice core
paleoclimate
surface temperature
coral
climate modeling
ice
sensitivity
rings

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Are reconstructed pre-instrumental hemispheric temperatures consistent with instrumental hemispheric temperatures?",
abstract = "Reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere near-surface temperatures from climate 'proxy' data such as tree rings, ice cores, and corals, suggest that late 20th century Northern Hemisphere mean warmth is anomalous in the context of the past several centuries and likely at least the past two millennia. Though substantial uncertainties in the paleoclimate reconstructions exist, these findings add to the evidence for a discernible human influence on climate. Here we use our simple climate model with six radiative-forcing reconstructions and climate sensitivity determined from instrumental temperatures over 1861 to 1997 to simulate the forced pre-instrumental hemispheric-average temperatures from 1500 to 1895. The model-simulated pre-instrumental temperatures indicate that the proxy temperature reconstructions are consistent with the instrumental temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere, but are too warm in the Southern Hemisphere.",
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Are reconstructed pre-instrumental hemispheric temperatures consistent with instrumental hemispheric temperatures? / Andronova, N. G.; Schlesinger, M. E.; Mann, Michael.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, No. 12, 28.06.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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