Are We Driven? Critical Theory and Psychoanalysis Reconsidered

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Abstract

If, as Axel Honneth has recently argued, critical theory needs psychoanalysis for meta-normative and explanatory reasons, this does not settle the question of which version of psychoanalysis critical theorists should embrace. In this paper, I argue against Honneth's favoured version-an intersubjectivist interpretation ofWinnicott's object-relations theory-and in favour of an alternative based on the drive-theoretical work of Melanie Klein. Klein's work, I argue, provides critical theorists with a more realistic conception of the person and a richer explanatory account of human aggression and destructiveness than does Honneth's intersubjectivist view. As such, it better serves the ends for which Honneth claims that critical theory should turn to psychoanalysis in the first place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-328
Number of pages18
JournalCritical Horizons
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy

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