Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia

David R. Dolbow, Joshua Miller, Chris Harnish, Hunter Poarch, Ashraf Gorgey, David Gater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this case study was to investigate the effects of sixteen weeks of arm crank activity on oxygen consumption in a geriatric gentleman with chronic paraplegia. Design: A 62-year-old man with chronic T8-9 ASIA Impairment Scale A paraplegia participated in arm crank exercise for 60 minutes per day, five days per week for sixteen weeks. Graded arm cycling was used to measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) before and after the exercise program. Body composition was determined using a four-compartment model. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, hydrodensitometry, and deuterium dilution measures were assessed before and after the sixteen weeks of training to determine changes in body composition. Results: General fitness improved as demonstrated by an increase in VO2 peak. Body composition was altered as indicated by a reduction in total body weight, decreased fat mass, and a reduced body mass index (BMI) score. Conclusion: The results of this case study demonstrate that regular volitional arm crank cycling can have positive effects on the general fitness and body composition of an elderly gentleman with chronic paraplegia. These results indicate that arm crank cycling is a viable physical activity and may assist in the prevention of secondary conditions related to a sedentary lifestyle and obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-55
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Kinesiology
Volume64
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

Paraplegia
Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Exercise
Oxygen Consumption
Sedentary Lifestyle
Deuterium
Secondary Prevention
Geriatrics
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Fats
Body Weight
X-Rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Dolbow, D. R., Miller, J., Harnish, C., Poarch, H., Gorgey, A., & Gater, D. (2010). Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia. Clinical Kinesiology, 64(4), 51-55.
Dolbow, David R. ; Miller, Joshua ; Harnish, Chris ; Poarch, Hunter ; Gorgey, Ashraf ; Gater, David. / Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia. In: Clinical Kinesiology. 2010 ; Vol. 64, No. 4. pp. 51-55.
@article{faa2f60248994cdba3be3a643bf32e90,
title = "Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia",
abstract = "Objective: The purpose of this case study was to investigate the effects of sixteen weeks of arm crank activity on oxygen consumption in a geriatric gentleman with chronic paraplegia. Design: A 62-year-old man with chronic T8-9 ASIA Impairment Scale A paraplegia participated in arm crank exercise for 60 minutes per day, five days per week for sixteen weeks. Graded arm cycling was used to measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) before and after the exercise program. Body composition was determined using a four-compartment model. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, hydrodensitometry, and deuterium dilution measures were assessed before and after the sixteen weeks of training to determine changes in body composition. Results: General fitness improved as demonstrated by an increase in VO2 peak. Body composition was altered as indicated by a reduction in total body weight, decreased fat mass, and a reduced body mass index (BMI) score. Conclusion: The results of this case study demonstrate that regular volitional arm crank cycling can have positive effects on the general fitness and body composition of an elderly gentleman with chronic paraplegia. These results indicate that arm crank cycling is a viable physical activity and may assist in the prevention of secondary conditions related to a sedentary lifestyle and obesity.",
author = "Dolbow, {David R.} and Joshua Miller and Chris Harnish and Hunter Poarch and Ashraf Gorgey and David Gater",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "64",
pages = "51--55",
journal = "Journal of the Association for Physical and Mental Rehabilitation",
issn = "0896-9620",
publisher = "Turnkey Publishing Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Dolbow, DR, Miller, J, Harnish, C, Poarch, H, Gorgey, A & Gater, D 2010, 'Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia', Clinical Kinesiology, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 51-55.

Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia. / Dolbow, David R.; Miller, Joshua; Harnish, Chris; Poarch, Hunter; Gorgey, Ashraf; Gater, David.

In: Clinical Kinesiology, Vol. 64, No. 4, 01.12.2010, p. 51-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia

AU - Dolbow, David R.

AU - Miller, Joshua

AU - Harnish, Chris

AU - Poarch, Hunter

AU - Gorgey, Ashraf

AU - Gater, David

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Objective: The purpose of this case study was to investigate the effects of sixteen weeks of arm crank activity on oxygen consumption in a geriatric gentleman with chronic paraplegia. Design: A 62-year-old man with chronic T8-9 ASIA Impairment Scale A paraplegia participated in arm crank exercise for 60 minutes per day, five days per week for sixteen weeks. Graded arm cycling was used to measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) before and after the exercise program. Body composition was determined using a four-compartment model. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, hydrodensitometry, and deuterium dilution measures were assessed before and after the sixteen weeks of training to determine changes in body composition. Results: General fitness improved as demonstrated by an increase in VO2 peak. Body composition was altered as indicated by a reduction in total body weight, decreased fat mass, and a reduced body mass index (BMI) score. Conclusion: The results of this case study demonstrate that regular volitional arm crank cycling can have positive effects on the general fitness and body composition of an elderly gentleman with chronic paraplegia. These results indicate that arm crank cycling is a viable physical activity and may assist in the prevention of secondary conditions related to a sedentary lifestyle and obesity.

AB - Objective: The purpose of this case study was to investigate the effects of sixteen weeks of arm crank activity on oxygen consumption in a geriatric gentleman with chronic paraplegia. Design: A 62-year-old man with chronic T8-9 ASIA Impairment Scale A paraplegia participated in arm crank exercise for 60 minutes per day, five days per week for sixteen weeks. Graded arm cycling was used to measure peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) before and after the exercise program. Body composition was determined using a four-compartment model. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, hydrodensitometry, and deuterium dilution measures were assessed before and after the sixteen weeks of training to determine changes in body composition. Results: General fitness improved as demonstrated by an increase in VO2 peak. Body composition was altered as indicated by a reduction in total body weight, decreased fat mass, and a reduced body mass index (BMI) score. Conclusion: The results of this case study demonstrate that regular volitional arm crank cycling can have positive effects on the general fitness and body composition of an elderly gentleman with chronic paraplegia. These results indicate that arm crank cycling is a viable physical activity and may assist in the prevention of secondary conditions related to a sedentary lifestyle and obesity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649976525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78649976525&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:78649976525

VL - 64

SP - 51

EP - 55

JO - Journal of the Association for Physical and Mental Rehabilitation

JF - Journal of the Association for Physical and Mental Rehabilitation

SN - 0896-9620

IS - 4

ER -

Dolbow DR, Miller J, Harnish C, Poarch H, Gorgey A, Gater D. Arm crank exercise increases VO2 peak and reduces body fat mass in older adult with chronic paraplegia. Clinical Kinesiology. 2010 Dec 1;64(4):51-55.