ASCA observations of the iron K complex of Circinus X-1 near zero phase: Spectral evidence for partial covering

W. N. Brandt, A. C. Fabian, T. Dotani, F. Nagase, H. Inoue, T. Kotani, Y. Segawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on ASCA energy spectra of Cir X-1 taken near its zero phase on 1994 August 4-5. The ASCA SIS detectors allow a much more detailed study of the iron K complex than has been possible before. We find that prior to a sudden upward flux transition the dominant iron K feature appears to consist of a large edge from neutral or nearly neutral iron. The depth of the edge corresponds to an absorption column of ≈ 1.5 × 1024 cm-2 , while little absorption over that expected from the Galaxy is seen at lower X-ray energies. The differential absorption at high and low X-ray energies, combined with the iron edge energy, is strong evidence that partial covering is a crucial determinant of the behaviour observed from Cir X-1. The continuum spectral variability observed by ASCA can also be understood naturally in terms of partial covering column changes. There is evidence for a relatively weak emission line from neutral iron with an equivalent width of only about 65 eV. After the flux transition, the strength of the edge feature is greatly reduced, suggesting a large reduction in the amount of partial covering. For a large region of statistically acceptable chi-squared parameter space, the luminosity of Cir X-1, after correction for partial covering, need not change during the transition. We discuss models for the partial covering and suggest that an edge-on disc orientation and X-ray scattering by electrons may be important. Aspects of the Cir X-1 spectrum are very similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies with Compton-thin tori.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1071-1082
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume283
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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coverings
iron
energy
galaxies
x rays
determinants
energy spectra
luminosity
scattering
continuums
electron
detectors
electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Brandt, W. N. ; Fabian, A. C. ; Dotani, T. ; Nagase, F. ; Inoue, H. ; Kotani, T. ; Segawa, Y. / ASCA observations of the iron K complex of Circinus X-1 near zero phase : Spectral evidence for partial covering. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1996 ; Vol. 283, No. 3. pp. 1071-1082.
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abstract = "We report on ASCA energy spectra of Cir X-1 taken near its zero phase on 1994 August 4-5. The ASCA SIS detectors allow a much more detailed study of the iron K complex than has been possible before. We find that prior to a sudden upward flux transition the dominant iron K feature appears to consist of a large edge from neutral or nearly neutral iron. The depth of the edge corresponds to an absorption column of ≈ 1.5 × 1024 cm-2 , while little absorption over that expected from the Galaxy is seen at lower X-ray energies. The differential absorption at high and low X-ray energies, combined with the iron edge energy, is strong evidence that partial covering is a crucial determinant of the behaviour observed from Cir X-1. The continuum spectral variability observed by ASCA can also be understood naturally in terms of partial covering column changes. There is evidence for a relatively weak emission line from neutral iron with an equivalent width of only about 65 eV. After the flux transition, the strength of the edge feature is greatly reduced, suggesting a large reduction in the amount of partial covering. For a large region of statistically acceptable chi-squared parameter space, the luminosity of Cir X-1, after correction for partial covering, need not change during the transition. We discuss models for the partial covering and suggest that an edge-on disc orientation and X-ray scattering by electrons may be important. Aspects of the Cir X-1 spectrum are very similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies with Compton-thin tori.",
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ASCA observations of the iron K complex of Circinus X-1 near zero phase : Spectral evidence for partial covering. / Brandt, W. N.; Fabian, A. C.; Dotani, T.; Nagase, F.; Inoue, H.; Kotani, T.; Segawa, Y.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 283, No. 3, 01.01.1996, p. 1071-1082.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - ASCA observations of the iron K complex of Circinus X-1 near zero phase

T2 - Spectral evidence for partial covering

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Fabian, A. C.

AU - Dotani, T.

AU - Nagase, F.

AU - Inoue, H.

AU - Kotani, T.

AU - Segawa, Y.

PY - 1996/1/1

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N2 - We report on ASCA energy spectra of Cir X-1 taken near its zero phase on 1994 August 4-5. The ASCA SIS detectors allow a much more detailed study of the iron K complex than has been possible before. We find that prior to a sudden upward flux transition the dominant iron K feature appears to consist of a large edge from neutral or nearly neutral iron. The depth of the edge corresponds to an absorption column of ≈ 1.5 × 1024 cm-2 , while little absorption over that expected from the Galaxy is seen at lower X-ray energies. The differential absorption at high and low X-ray energies, combined with the iron edge energy, is strong evidence that partial covering is a crucial determinant of the behaviour observed from Cir X-1. The continuum spectral variability observed by ASCA can also be understood naturally in terms of partial covering column changes. There is evidence for a relatively weak emission line from neutral iron with an equivalent width of only about 65 eV. After the flux transition, the strength of the edge feature is greatly reduced, suggesting a large reduction in the amount of partial covering. For a large region of statistically acceptable chi-squared parameter space, the luminosity of Cir X-1, after correction for partial covering, need not change during the transition. We discuss models for the partial covering and suggest that an edge-on disc orientation and X-ray scattering by electrons may be important. Aspects of the Cir X-1 spectrum are very similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies with Compton-thin tori.

AB - We report on ASCA energy spectra of Cir X-1 taken near its zero phase on 1994 August 4-5. The ASCA SIS detectors allow a much more detailed study of the iron K complex than has been possible before. We find that prior to a sudden upward flux transition the dominant iron K feature appears to consist of a large edge from neutral or nearly neutral iron. The depth of the edge corresponds to an absorption column of ≈ 1.5 × 1024 cm-2 , while little absorption over that expected from the Galaxy is seen at lower X-ray energies. The differential absorption at high and low X-ray energies, combined with the iron edge energy, is strong evidence that partial covering is a crucial determinant of the behaviour observed from Cir X-1. The continuum spectral variability observed by ASCA can also be understood naturally in terms of partial covering column changes. There is evidence for a relatively weak emission line from neutral iron with an equivalent width of only about 65 eV. After the flux transition, the strength of the edge feature is greatly reduced, suggesting a large reduction in the amount of partial covering. For a large region of statistically acceptable chi-squared parameter space, the luminosity of Cir X-1, after correction for partial covering, need not change during the transition. We discuss models for the partial covering and suggest that an edge-on disc orientation and X-ray scattering by electrons may be important. Aspects of the Cir X-1 spectrum are very similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies with Compton-thin tori.

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