Assessing apathy in long-term care residents with dementia: Who should be the rater?

Ying-ling Jao, Kristine Williams, Jacqueline Ann Mogle, Liza Behrens, Caroline McDermott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Apathy is prominent in persons with dementia and apathy assessment is challenging. It remains unclear who should conduct apathy assessments in long-term care settings for residents with moderate to advanced dementia. The Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) is a widely used instrument and its use for long-term care residents with dementia needs to be further established. This study explored the relationship among apathy assessments conducted by family and clinical caregivers using the original AES (AES-18) and the nursing home version (AES-10). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design and enrolled 15 quartets of participants recruited from long-term care settings. Each quartet consisted of one resident with dementia, one family member, one certified nursing assistant, and one licensed practical nurse or activity staff. Family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff rated the resident’s apathy level on the AES independently. Bivariate Pearson correlation coefficients were used for analysis. Results: The results revealed that ratings conducted by certified nursing assistants and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were moderately correlated for the AES-18 and the result approached statistical significance (r = 0.47, p =.08). None of the other AES ratings among family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were significantly correlated. Discussion: Family and clinical caregivers were incongruent on their AES ratings of apathy. It remains undetermined which rater provides the most valid AES rating for residents with dementia. Findings from this study further highlight challenges in rating apathy in this population. Future research is needed to determine best practices for accurate apathy assessment for residents with dementia in long-term care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2220-2229
Number of pages10
JournalDementia
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

Fingerprint

apathy
dementia
resident
evaluation
assistant
nursing
nurse
rating scale
staff
caregiver
rating
statistical significance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Jao, Ying-ling ; Williams, Kristine ; Mogle, Jacqueline Ann ; Behrens, Liza ; McDermott, Caroline. / Assessing apathy in long-term care residents with dementia : Who should be the rater?. In: Dementia. 2019 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 2220-2229.
@article{817676ec166a41cc938d80724e92d2f0,
title = "Assessing apathy in long-term care residents with dementia: Who should be the rater?",
abstract = "Background: Apathy is prominent in persons with dementia and apathy assessment is challenging. It remains unclear who should conduct apathy assessments in long-term care settings for residents with moderate to advanced dementia. The Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) is a widely used instrument and its use for long-term care residents with dementia needs to be further established. This study explored the relationship among apathy assessments conducted by family and clinical caregivers using the original AES (AES-18) and the nursing home version (AES-10). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design and enrolled 15 quartets of participants recruited from long-term care settings. Each quartet consisted of one resident with dementia, one family member, one certified nursing assistant, and one licensed practical nurse or activity staff. Family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff rated the resident’s apathy level on the AES independently. Bivariate Pearson correlation coefficients were used for analysis. Results: The results revealed that ratings conducted by certified nursing assistants and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were moderately correlated for the AES-18 and the result approached statistical significance (r = 0.47, p =.08). None of the other AES ratings among family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were significantly correlated. Discussion: Family and clinical caregivers were incongruent on their AES ratings of apathy. It remains undetermined which rater provides the most valid AES rating for residents with dementia. Findings from this study further highlight challenges in rating apathy in this population. Future research is needed to determine best practices for accurate apathy assessment for residents with dementia in long-term care.",
author = "Ying-ling Jao and Kristine Williams and Mogle, {Jacqueline Ann} and Liza Behrens and Caroline McDermott",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1471301217745104",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "2220--2229",
journal = "Dementia",
issn = "1471-3012",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "6",

}

Assessing apathy in long-term care residents with dementia : Who should be the rater? / Jao, Ying-ling; Williams, Kristine; Mogle, Jacqueline Ann; Behrens, Liza; McDermott, Caroline.

In: Dementia, Vol. 18, No. 6, 01.08.2019, p. 2220-2229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing apathy in long-term care residents with dementia

T2 - Who should be the rater?

AU - Jao, Ying-ling

AU - Williams, Kristine

AU - Mogle, Jacqueline Ann

AU - Behrens, Liza

AU - McDermott, Caroline

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Background: Apathy is prominent in persons with dementia and apathy assessment is challenging. It remains unclear who should conduct apathy assessments in long-term care settings for residents with moderate to advanced dementia. The Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) is a widely used instrument and its use for long-term care residents with dementia needs to be further established. This study explored the relationship among apathy assessments conducted by family and clinical caregivers using the original AES (AES-18) and the nursing home version (AES-10). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design and enrolled 15 quartets of participants recruited from long-term care settings. Each quartet consisted of one resident with dementia, one family member, one certified nursing assistant, and one licensed practical nurse or activity staff. Family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff rated the resident’s apathy level on the AES independently. Bivariate Pearson correlation coefficients were used for analysis. Results: The results revealed that ratings conducted by certified nursing assistants and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were moderately correlated for the AES-18 and the result approached statistical significance (r = 0.47, p =.08). None of the other AES ratings among family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were significantly correlated. Discussion: Family and clinical caregivers were incongruent on their AES ratings of apathy. It remains undetermined which rater provides the most valid AES rating for residents with dementia. Findings from this study further highlight challenges in rating apathy in this population. Future research is needed to determine best practices for accurate apathy assessment for residents with dementia in long-term care.

AB - Background: Apathy is prominent in persons with dementia and apathy assessment is challenging. It remains unclear who should conduct apathy assessments in long-term care settings for residents with moderate to advanced dementia. The Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES) is a widely used instrument and its use for long-term care residents with dementia needs to be further established. This study explored the relationship among apathy assessments conducted by family and clinical caregivers using the original AES (AES-18) and the nursing home version (AES-10). Methods: This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design and enrolled 15 quartets of participants recruited from long-term care settings. Each quartet consisted of one resident with dementia, one family member, one certified nursing assistant, and one licensed practical nurse or activity staff. Family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff rated the resident’s apathy level on the AES independently. Bivariate Pearson correlation coefficients were used for analysis. Results: The results revealed that ratings conducted by certified nursing assistants and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were moderately correlated for the AES-18 and the result approached statistical significance (r = 0.47, p =.08). None of the other AES ratings among family, certified nursing assistants, and licensed practical nurses/activity staff were significantly correlated. Discussion: Family and clinical caregivers were incongruent on their AES ratings of apathy. It remains undetermined which rater provides the most valid AES rating for residents with dementia. Findings from this study further highlight challenges in rating apathy in this population. Future research is needed to determine best practices for accurate apathy assessment for residents with dementia in long-term care.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070322230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070322230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1471301217745104

DO - 10.1177/1471301217745104

M3 - Article

C2 - 29192512

AN - SCOPUS:85070322230

VL - 18

SP - 2220

EP - 2229

JO - Dementia

JF - Dementia

SN - 1471-3012

IS - 6

ER -