Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys

Lindsey N. Rich, Courtney L. Davis, Zach J. Farris, David Andrew Miller, Jody M. Tucker, Sandra Hamel, Mohammad S. Farhadinia, Robin Steenweg, Mario S. Di Bitetti, Kanchan Thapa, Mamadou D. Kane, S. Sunarto, Nathaniel P. Robinson, Agustín Paviolo, Paula Cruz, Quinton Martins, Navid Gholikhani, Ateih Taktehrani, Jesse Whittington, Febri A. WidodoNigel G. Yoccoz, Claudia Wultsch, Bart J. Harmsen, Marcella J. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling local wildlife communities, because these observations can be collated into a global monitoring network. To demonstrate the potential of camera traps for global monitoring, we assembled data from multiple local camera trap surveys to evaluate the interchange between fine- and broad-scale processes impacting mammalian carnivore communities. Location: Argentina, Belize, Botswana, Canada, Indonesia, Iran, Madagascar, Nepal, Norway, Senegal, South Africa, and the U.S.A. Methods: We gathered camera trap data, totalling > 100,000 trap nights, from across five continents. To analyse local and species-specific responses to anthropogenic and environmental variables, we fitted multispecies occurrence models to each study area. To analyse global-level responses, we then fitted a multispecies, multi-area occurrence model. Results: We recorded 4,805 detections of 96 mammalian carnivore species photographed across 1,714 camera stations located in 12 countries. At the global level, our models revealed that carnivore richness and occupancy within study areas was positively associated with prey availability. Occupancy within study areas also tended to increase with greater protection and greater distances to roads. The strength of these relationships, however, differed among countries. Main conclusions: We developed a research framework for leveraging global camera trap data to evaluate patterns of mammalian carnivore occurrence and richness across multiple spatial scales. Our research highlights the importance of intact prey populations and protected areas in conserving carnivore communities. Our research also highlights the potential of camera traps for monitoring wildlife communities and provides a case study for how this can be achieved on a global scale. We encourage greater integration and standardization among camera trap studies worldwide, which would help inform effective conservation planning for wildlife populations both locally and globally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-929
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

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carnivore
carnivores
cameras
traps
wildlife
prey availability
conservation planning
monitoring
standardization
protected area
Belize
Botswana
biodiversity
Senegal
road
Nepal
Madagascar
ecosystem
Norway
Indonesia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Rich, Lindsey N. ; Davis, Courtney L. ; Farris, Zach J. ; Miller, David Andrew ; Tucker, Jody M. ; Hamel, Sandra ; Farhadinia, Mohammad S. ; Steenweg, Robin ; Di Bitetti, Mario S. ; Thapa, Kanchan ; Kane, Mamadou D. ; Sunarto, S. ; Robinson, Nathaniel P. ; Paviolo, Agustín ; Cruz, Paula ; Martins, Quinton ; Gholikhani, Navid ; Taktehrani, Ateih ; Whittington, Jesse ; Widodo, Febri A. ; Yoccoz, Nigel G. ; Wultsch, Claudia ; Harmsen, Bart J. ; Kelly, Marcella J. / Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 8. pp. 918-929.
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abstract = "Aim: Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling local wildlife communities, because these observations can be collated into a global monitoring network. To demonstrate the potential of camera traps for global monitoring, we assembled data from multiple local camera trap surveys to evaluate the interchange between fine- and broad-scale processes impacting mammalian carnivore communities. Location: Argentina, Belize, Botswana, Canada, Indonesia, Iran, Madagascar, Nepal, Norway, Senegal, South Africa, and the U.S.A. Methods: We gathered camera trap data, totalling > 100,000 trap nights, from across five continents. To analyse local and species-specific responses to anthropogenic and environmental variables, we fitted multispecies occurrence models to each study area. To analyse global-level responses, we then fitted a multispecies, multi-area occurrence model. Results: We recorded 4,805 detections of 96 mammalian carnivore species photographed across 1,714 camera stations located in 12 countries. At the global level, our models revealed that carnivore richness and occupancy within study areas was positively associated with prey availability. Occupancy within study areas also tended to increase with greater protection and greater distances to roads. The strength of these relationships, however, differed among countries. Main conclusions: We developed a research framework for leveraging global camera trap data to evaluate patterns of mammalian carnivore occurrence and richness across multiple spatial scales. Our research highlights the importance of intact prey populations and protected areas in conserving carnivore communities. Our research also highlights the potential of camera traps for monitoring wildlife communities and provides a case study for how this can be achieved on a global scale. We encourage greater integration and standardization among camera trap studies worldwide, which would help inform effective conservation planning for wildlife populations both locally and globally.",
author = "Rich, {Lindsey N.} and Davis, {Courtney L.} and Farris, {Zach J.} and Miller, {David Andrew} and Tucker, {Jody M.} and Sandra Hamel and Farhadinia, {Mohammad S.} and Robin Steenweg and {Di Bitetti}, {Mario S.} and Kanchan Thapa and Kane, {Mamadou D.} and S. Sunarto and Robinson, {Nathaniel P.} and Agust{\'i}n Paviolo and Paula Cruz and Quinton Martins and Navid Gholikhani and Ateih Taktehrani and Jesse Whittington and Widodo, {Febri A.} and Yoccoz, {Nigel G.} and Claudia Wultsch and Harmsen, {Bart J.} and Kelly, {Marcella J.}",
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Rich, LN, Davis, CL, Farris, ZJ, Miller, DA, Tucker, JM, Hamel, S, Farhadinia, MS, Steenweg, R, Di Bitetti, MS, Thapa, K, Kane, MD, Sunarto, S, Robinson, NP, Paviolo, A, Cruz, P, Martins, Q, Gholikhani, N, Taktehrani, A, Whittington, J, Widodo, FA, Yoccoz, NG, Wultsch, C, Harmsen, BJ & Kelly, MJ 2017, 'Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 918-929. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12600

Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys. / Rich, Lindsey N.; Davis, Courtney L.; Farris, Zach J.; Miller, David Andrew; Tucker, Jody M.; Hamel, Sandra; Farhadinia, Mohammad S.; Steenweg, Robin; Di Bitetti, Mario S.; Thapa, Kanchan; Kane, Mamadou D.; Sunarto, S.; Robinson, Nathaniel P.; Paviolo, Agustín; Cruz, Paula; Martins, Quinton; Gholikhani, Navid; Taktehrani, Ateih; Whittington, Jesse; Widodo, Febri A.; Yoccoz, Nigel G.; Wultsch, Claudia; Harmsen, Bart J.; Kelly, Marcella J.

In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 26, No. 8, 01.08.2017, p. 918-929.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing global patterns in mammalian carnivore occupancy and richness by integrating local camera trap surveys

AU - Rich, Lindsey N.

AU - Davis, Courtney L.

AU - Farris, Zach J.

AU - Miller, David Andrew

AU - Tucker, Jody M.

AU - Hamel, Sandra

AU - Farhadinia, Mohammad S.

AU - Steenweg, Robin

AU - Di Bitetti, Mario S.

AU - Thapa, Kanchan

AU - Kane, Mamadou D.

AU - Sunarto, S.

AU - Robinson, Nathaniel P.

AU - Paviolo, Agustín

AU - Cruz, Paula

AU - Martins, Quinton

AU - Gholikhani, Navid

AU - Taktehrani, Ateih

AU - Whittington, Jesse

AU - Widodo, Febri A.

AU - Yoccoz, Nigel G.

AU - Wultsch, Claudia

AU - Harmsen, Bart J.

AU - Kelly, Marcella J.

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - Aim: Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling local wildlife communities, because these observations can be collated into a global monitoring network. To demonstrate the potential of camera traps for global monitoring, we assembled data from multiple local camera trap surveys to evaluate the interchange between fine- and broad-scale processes impacting mammalian carnivore communities. Location: Argentina, Belize, Botswana, Canada, Indonesia, Iran, Madagascar, Nepal, Norway, Senegal, South Africa, and the U.S.A. Methods: We gathered camera trap data, totalling > 100,000 trap nights, from across five continents. To analyse local and species-specific responses to anthropogenic and environmental variables, we fitted multispecies occurrence models to each study area. To analyse global-level responses, we then fitted a multispecies, multi-area occurrence model. Results: We recorded 4,805 detections of 96 mammalian carnivore species photographed across 1,714 camera stations located in 12 countries. At the global level, our models revealed that carnivore richness and occupancy within study areas was positively associated with prey availability. Occupancy within study areas also tended to increase with greater protection and greater distances to roads. The strength of these relationships, however, differed among countries. Main conclusions: We developed a research framework for leveraging global camera trap data to evaluate patterns of mammalian carnivore occurrence and richness across multiple spatial scales. Our research highlights the importance of intact prey populations and protected areas in conserving carnivore communities. Our research also highlights the potential of camera traps for monitoring wildlife communities and provides a case study for how this can be achieved on a global scale. We encourage greater integration and standardization among camera trap studies worldwide, which would help inform effective conservation planning for wildlife populations both locally and globally.

AB - Aim: Biodiversity loss is a major driver of ecosystem change, yet the ecological data required to detect and mitigate losses are often lacking. Recently, camera trap surveys have been suggested as a method for sampling local wildlife communities, because these observations can be collated into a global monitoring network. To demonstrate the potential of camera traps for global monitoring, we assembled data from multiple local camera trap surveys to evaluate the interchange between fine- and broad-scale processes impacting mammalian carnivore communities. Location: Argentina, Belize, Botswana, Canada, Indonesia, Iran, Madagascar, Nepal, Norway, Senegal, South Africa, and the U.S.A. Methods: We gathered camera trap data, totalling > 100,000 trap nights, from across five continents. To analyse local and species-specific responses to anthropogenic and environmental variables, we fitted multispecies occurrence models to each study area. To analyse global-level responses, we then fitted a multispecies, multi-area occurrence model. Results: We recorded 4,805 detections of 96 mammalian carnivore species photographed across 1,714 camera stations located in 12 countries. At the global level, our models revealed that carnivore richness and occupancy within study areas was positively associated with prey availability. Occupancy within study areas also tended to increase with greater protection and greater distances to roads. The strength of these relationships, however, differed among countries. Main conclusions: We developed a research framework for leveraging global camera trap data to evaluate patterns of mammalian carnivore occurrence and richness across multiple spatial scales. Our research highlights the importance of intact prey populations and protected areas in conserving carnivore communities. Our research also highlights the potential of camera traps for monitoring wildlife communities and provides a case study for how this can be achieved on a global scale. We encourage greater integration and standardization among camera trap studies worldwide, which would help inform effective conservation planning for wildlife populations both locally and globally.

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