Assessing sensitivities in algorithmic detection of tropical cyclones in climate data

Colin M. Zarzycki, Paul A. Ullrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study applies a sensitivity analysis (SA) technique (the Morris method, MM) to an automated Lagrangian tropical cyclone (TC) tracking algorithm used on gridded climate data. MM demonstrates the ability to screen for input parameters defining TCs (such as minimum intensity and lifetime) that contribute significantly to sensitivity in output metrics (such as storm count). The SA is performed by tracking TCs in four different reanalyses. Tracked TC trajectories are compared to a pointwise observational record. Results show that using thermally integrated metrics for isolating TC warm cores is superior to single-temperature levels. Input thresholds defining TC vortex strength during tracking contribute the most variance in all output metrics. Integrated output metrics (such as accumulated cyclone energy) are less variable than “counting” metrics such as TC frequency. MM greatly reduces the computational requirements for tracker optimization, with tracked TCs demonstrating better hit and false alarm rates than previous studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1141-1149
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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