Assessing the validity of a social history intervention to individuate nursing home residents

Jennifer L. Hillman, Thomas E. Skoloda, Dolores Zander, George Stricker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a social history intervention to individualize nursing home staff members' patient perceptions in order to generate more positive attitudes toward target patients, to foster more tolerant perceptions of those patients' problem behaviors, and to maximize staff members' perceived rewards of caregiving. Unlike previous studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in a hypothetical setting (M. E. Pietrukowicz & M. M. Johnson, 1991), the goal of the current study was to assess the efficacy of this intervention among actual patient-staff dyads in a nursing home care unit. Findings showed that the use of the social history intervention did not produce the predicted changes in staff perceptions and attitudes among a representative sample of 42 staff members. Alternative explanations for the lack of significant findings among this sample of nursing home staff, such as employee burnout and attitudinal polarization, are presented, and suggestions for using this intervention successfully in other institutional settings are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-49
Number of pages13
JournalEducational Gerontology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Fingerprint

social history
nursing home
Nursing Homes
History
resident
staff
Nursing Staff
Attitude of Health Personnel
Home Care Services
Nursing Care
Reward
burnout
caregiving
home care
dyad
polarization
reward
employee
lack

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Hillman, Jennifer L. ; Skoloda, Thomas E. ; Zander, Dolores ; Stricker, George. / Assessing the validity of a social history intervention to individuate nursing home residents. In: Educational Gerontology. 1999 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 37-49.
@article{69cfc4c3fe3040adb9b18247c82418d2,
title = "Assessing the validity of a social history intervention to individuate nursing home residents",
abstract = "The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a social history intervention to individualize nursing home staff members' patient perceptions in order to generate more positive attitudes toward target patients, to foster more tolerant perceptions of those patients' problem behaviors, and to maximize staff members' perceived rewards of caregiving. Unlike previous studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in a hypothetical setting (M. E. Pietrukowicz & M. M. Johnson, 1991), the goal of the current study was to assess the efficacy of this intervention among actual patient-staff dyads in a nursing home care unit. Findings showed that the use of the social history intervention did not produce the predicted changes in staff perceptions and attitudes among a representative sample of 42 staff members. Alternative explanations for the lack of significant findings among this sample of nursing home staff, such as employee burnout and attitudinal polarization, are presented, and suggestions for using this intervention successfully in other institutional settings are provided.",
author = "Hillman, {Jennifer L.} and Skoloda, {Thomas E.} and Dolores Zander and George Stricker",
year = "1999",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/036012799268007",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "37--49",
journal = "Educational Gerontology",
issn = "0360-1277",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

Assessing the validity of a social history intervention to individuate nursing home residents. / Hillman, Jennifer L.; Skoloda, Thomas E.; Zander, Dolores; Stricker, George.

In: Educational Gerontology, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.12.1999, p. 37-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the validity of a social history intervention to individuate nursing home residents

AU - Hillman, Jennifer L.

AU - Skoloda, Thomas E.

AU - Zander, Dolores

AU - Stricker, George

PY - 1999/12/1

Y1 - 1999/12/1

N2 - The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a social history intervention to individualize nursing home staff members' patient perceptions in order to generate more positive attitudes toward target patients, to foster more tolerant perceptions of those patients' problem behaviors, and to maximize staff members' perceived rewards of caregiving. Unlike previous studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in a hypothetical setting (M. E. Pietrukowicz & M. M. Johnson, 1991), the goal of the current study was to assess the efficacy of this intervention among actual patient-staff dyads in a nursing home care unit. Findings showed that the use of the social history intervention did not produce the predicted changes in staff perceptions and attitudes among a representative sample of 42 staff members. Alternative explanations for the lack of significant findings among this sample of nursing home staff, such as employee burnout and attitudinal polarization, are presented, and suggestions for using this intervention successfully in other institutional settings are provided.

AB - The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a social history intervention to individualize nursing home staff members' patient perceptions in order to generate more positive attitudes toward target patients, to foster more tolerant perceptions of those patients' problem behaviors, and to maximize staff members' perceived rewards of caregiving. Unlike previous studies that have demonstrated the effectiveness of such an intervention in a hypothetical setting (M. E. Pietrukowicz & M. M. Johnson, 1991), the goal of the current study was to assess the efficacy of this intervention among actual patient-staff dyads in a nursing home care unit. Findings showed that the use of the social history intervention did not produce the predicted changes in staff perceptions and attitudes among a representative sample of 42 staff members. Alternative explanations for the lack of significant findings among this sample of nursing home staff, such as employee burnout and attitudinal polarization, are presented, and suggestions for using this intervention successfully in other institutional settings are provided.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21544444171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21544444171&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/036012799268007

DO - 10.1080/036012799268007

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:21544444171

VL - 25

SP - 37

EP - 49

JO - Educational Gerontology

JF - Educational Gerontology

SN - 0360-1277

IS - 1

ER -