Assimilation differences among Africans in America

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110 Scopus citations


Data from the 1990 Census of Population are used to assess the earnings attainment of male African immigrants, their Caribbean-born counterparts, and native-born African Americans. Although Africans earn more than both Caribbean immigrants and native-born blacks, controlling for relevant earnings-related endowments erases the African advantage, and elevates Caribbean earnings above those of the other two groups. The findings also trace a substantial African (but not Caribbean) disadvantage, wherein university degree holders, particularly those with degrees earned abroad, receive little, if any, reward for their degrees. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-546
Number of pages20
JournalSocial Forces
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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