We have utilized a cross-sectional association approach to investigate sporadic breast cancer. Polymorphisms in 2 candidate genes, ESRα and GRL, were examined in an unrelated breast cancer-affected and age-matched control population. Several polymorphic regions within the ESRα gene have been identified, and some alleles of these polymorphisms have been found to occur at increased levels in breast-cancer patients. Additionally, variations in GRL have the potential to disrupt cell transcription and may be associated with cancer formation. We analyzed 3 polymorphisms, from codons 10 (TCT to TCC), 325 (CCC to CCG) and 594 (ACA to ACG) of ESRα, and a highly polymorphic dinucleotide repeat, D5S207, located within 200 kb of the GRL. When allelc frequencies of the codon 594 (exon 8) ESR polymorphism were compared between affected and unaffected populations, a significant difference was observed (p = 0.005). Results from the D5S207 dinucleotide repeat located near GRL also indicated a significant difference between the tested case and control populations (p = 0.001). Allelic frequencies of the codon 10 and codon 325 ESR polymorphisms were not significantly different between populations (p = 0.152 and 0.181, respectively). Our results indicate that specific alleles of the ESR gene (α subtype) and a marker for the GRL gene locus are associated with sporadic breast-cancer development in the tested Caucasian population and justify further investigation of the role of these and other nuclear steroid receptors in the etiology of breast cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - Jul 20 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research