Background: In atrial fibrillation (AF), there are known sex and sociodemographic disparities in clinical outcomes such as stroke. We investigate whether disparities also exist with respect to patient-reported outcomes. We explored the association of sex, age, and education level with patient-reported outcomes (AF-related quality of life, symptom severity, and emotional and functional status). Methods: The PaTH AF cohort study recruited participants (N = 953) with an AF diagnosis and age ≥ 18 years across 4 academic medical centers. We performed longitudinal multiple regression with random effects to determine if individual characteristics were associated with patient-reported outcomes. Results: Women reported poorer functional status (β − 2.23, 95% CI: -3.52, − 0.94) and AF-related quality of life (β − 4.12, 95% CI: -8.10, − 0.14), and higher symptoms of anxiety (β 2.08, 95% CI: 0.76, 3.40), depression (β 1.44, 95% CI: 0.25, 2.63), and AF (β 0.29, 95% CI: 0.08, 0.50). Individuals < 60 years were significantly (p < 0.05) more likely to report higher symptoms of depression, anxiety, and AF, and poorer AF-related quality of life. Lack of college education was associated with reporting higher symptoms of AF (β 0.42, 95% CI: 0.17, 0.68), anxiety (β 1.86, 95% CI: 0.26, 3.45), and depression (β 1.11, 95% CI: 0.15, 2.38), and lower AF-related quality of life (β − 4.41, 95% CI: -8.25, − 0.57) and functional status. Conclusion: Women, younger adults, and individuals with lower levels of education reported comparatively poor patient-reported outcomes. These findings highlight the importance of understanding why individuals experience AF differently based on certain characteristics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine