Associations Between Anti-Mullerian Hormone and Cardiometabolic Health in Reproductive Age Women Are Explained by Body Mass Index

Julie S. Rios, Eleni A. Greenwood, Mary Ellen G. Pavone, Marcelle I. Cedars, Richard S. Legro, Michael P. Diamond, Nanette Santoro, Fangbai Sun, Randal D. Robinson, Gregory Christman, Heping Zhang, Heather G. Huddleston

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Abstract

Context: The relationship between reproductive and cardiometabolic aging is unclear. It is unknown if the relationship differs across different clinical populations. Objective: To determine whether markers of ovarian reserve are associated with cardiometabolic risk in reproductive aged women with unexplained infertility (UI), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and regularly cycling women (OVA). Design and setting: Cross-sectional data from 8 US-based academic centers. Participants: Women aged 25-40 from 3 clinical populations: 870 with UI, 640 with PCOS, and 921 community-based OVA. Main Outcome Measures: Multivariable linear regression models were used to relate anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count with cardiometabolic parameters including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose and insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipids, and C-reactive protein. Results: In age and study site-adjusted models, AMH inversely related to BMI in the UI and OVA groups (P = 0.02 and P < 0.001). Among women with PCOS, AMH inversely related to BMI (P < 0.001), and also to WC (P < 0.001), fasting insulin (P < 0.01), HOMA-IR (P < 0.01), triglycerides (P = 0.04), and C-reactive protein (P < 0.001) and directly related to higher total (P = 0.02), low-density lipoprotein (P < 0.01), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P < 0.01). In OVA, AMH also varied inversely with WC (P < 0.001), fasting insulin (P = 0.02), and HOMA-IR (P = 0.02). Adjustment for BMI eliminated associations in the OVA group but in PCOS, the relationship of AMH to total (P = 0.03) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.003) remained. Conclusion: Associations observed between AMH and cardiometabolic indices are largely explained by BMI in women with and without PCOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdgz012
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 8 2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Rios, J. S., Greenwood, E. A., Pavone, M. E. G., Cedars, M. I., Legro, R. S., Diamond, M. P., Santoro, N., Sun, F., Robinson, R. D., Christman, G., Zhang, H., & Huddleston, H. G. (2020). Associations Between Anti-Mullerian Hormone and Cardiometabolic Health in Reproductive Age Women Are Explained by Body Mass Index. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 105(3), [dgz012]. https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgz012