Using electron spin resonance spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the morphological asymmetries present in small spheroidal metallic nanoparticles give rise to asymmetries in the behavior of electrons held in states near the metal's Fermi energy. We find that the effects of morphological asymmetries for these spheroidal systems are more important than the effects of size distributions when explaining the asymmetry in electronic behavior. This is found to be true for all the particles examined, which were made from Cu, Ag, Pd, Ir, Pt, and Au, bearing dodecanethiolate ligands. In the case of the Ag particles, we also demonstrate that the same model used to account for morphological effects in the electron spin resonance spectra can be used to account for small asymmetries present in the plasmon spectrum. This result demonstrates that the electronic properties of even small particles are tunable via morphological changes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)