Gravitational waves with a space-translation Killing field are considered. Because of the symmetry, the four-dimensional Einstein vacuum equations are equivalent to the three-dimensional Einstein equations with certain matter sources. This interplay between four- and three-dimensional general relativity can be exploited effectively to analyze issues pertaining to four dimensions in terms of the three-dimensional structures. An example is provided by the asymptotic structure at null infinity: While these space-times fail to be asymptotically flat in four dimensions, they can admit a regular completion at null infinity in three dimensions. This completion is used to analyze the asymptotic symmetries, introduce the analogue of the four-dimensional Bondi energy momentum, and write down a flux formula. The analysis is also of interest from a purely three-dimensional perspective because it pertains to a diffeomorphism-invariant three-dimensional field theory with local degrees of freedom, i.e., to a midisuperspace. Furthermore, because of certain peculiarities of three dimensions, the description of null infinity has a number of features that are quite surprising because they do not arise in the Bondi-Penrose description in four dimensions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|State||Published - 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)