Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, D. Bakari, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, Y. Becherini, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, C. Bloise, C. Bower, M. Brigida, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. Campana, M. CarboniR. Caruso, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, T. Chiarusi, B. C. Choudhary, S. Coutu, M. Cozzi, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, J. Derkaoui, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Giorgini, M. Grassi, A. Grillo, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, I. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, H. Kim, A. Kumar, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, M. J. Longo, F. Loparco, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, S. Mikheyev, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicolò, R. Nolty, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, L. Perrone, S. Petrera, V. Popa, A. Rainò, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, A. Rrhioua, C. Satriano, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra, M. Sioli, G. Sirri, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlè, V. Togo, M. Vakili, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

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Abstract

The energy of atmospheric neutrinos detected by MACRO was estimated using multiple Coulomb scattering of upward throughgoing muons. This analysis allows a test of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, relying on the distortion of the muon energy distribution. These results have been combined with those coming from the upward throughgoing muon angular distribution only. Both analyses are independent of the neutrino flux normalization and provide strong evidence, above the 4σ level, in favour of neutrino oscillations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume566
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Ambrosio, M., Antolini, R., Bakari, D., Baldini, A., Barbarino, G. C., Barish, B. C., Battistoni, G., Becherini, Y., Bellotti, R., Bemporad, C., Bernardini, P., Bilokon, H., Bloise, C., Bower, C., Brigida, M., Bussino, S., Cafagna, F., Calicchio, M., Campana, D., ... Webb, R. (2003). Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 566(1-2), 35-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(03)00806-2