Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO

M. Ambrosio, R. Antolini, D. Bakari, A. Baldini, G. C. Barbarino, B. C. Barish, G. Battistoni, Y. Becherini, R. Bellotti, C. Bemporad, P. Bernardini, H. Bilokon, C. Bloise, C. Bower, M. Brigida, S. Bussino, F. Cafagna, M. Calicchio, D. Campana, M. Carboni & 93 others R. Caruso, S. Cecchini, F. Cei, V. Chiarella, T. Chiarusi, B. C. Choudhary, Stephane Coutu, M. Cozzi, G. de Cataldo, H. Dekhissi, C. de Marzo, I. de Mitri, J. Derkaoui, M. de Vincenzi, A. di Credico, C. Favuzzi, C. Forti, P. Fusco, G. Giacomelli, G. Giannini, N. Giglietto, M. Giorgini, M. Grassi, A. Grillo, C. Gustavino, A. Habig, K. Hanson, R. Heinz, E. Iarocci, E. Katsavounidis, I. Katsavounidis, E. Kearns, H. Kim, A. Kumar, S. Kyriazopoulou, E. Lamanna, C. Lane, D. S. Levin, P. Lipari, M. J. Longo, F. Loparco, F. Maaroufi, G. Mancarella, G. Mandrioli, S. Manzoor, A. Margiotta, A. Marini, D. Martello, A. Marzari-Chiesa, M. N. Mazziotta, D. G. Michael, S. Mikheyev, P. Monacelli, T. Montaruli, M. Monteno, S. Mufson, J. Musser, D. Nicolò, R. Nolty, C. Orth, G. Osteria, O. Palamara, V. Patera, L. Patrizii, R. Pazzi, C. W. Peck, L. Perrone, S. Petrera, V. Popa, A. Rainò, J. Reynoldson, F. Ronga, A. Rrhioua, C. Satriano, E. Scapparone, K. Scholberg, A. Sciubba, P. Serra, M. Sioli, G. Sirri, M. Sitta, P. Spinelli, M. Spinetti, M. Spurio, R. Steinberg, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, A. Surdo, G. Tarlè, V. Togo, M. Vakili, C. W. Walter, R. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy of atmospheric neutrinos detected by MACRO was estimated using multiple Coulomb scattering of upward throughgoing muons. This analysis allows a test of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, relying on the distortion of the muon energy distribution. These results have been combined with those coming from the upward throughgoing muon angular distribution only. Both analyses are independent of the neutrino flux normalization and provide strong evidence, above the 4σ level, in favour of neutrino oscillations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume566
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 2003

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muons
neutrinos
oscillations
scattering
energy distribution
angular distribution
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Ambrosio, M. ; Antolini, R. ; Bakari, D. ; Baldini, A. ; Barbarino, G. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Battistoni, G. ; Becherini, Y. ; Bellotti, R. ; Bemporad, C. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bilokon, H. ; Bloise, C. ; Bower, C. ; Brigida, M. ; Bussino, S. ; Cafagna, F. ; Calicchio, M. ; Campana, D. ; Carboni, M. ; Caruso, R. ; Cecchini, S. ; Cei, F. ; Chiarella, V. ; Chiarusi, T. ; Choudhary, B. C. ; Coutu, Stephane ; Cozzi, M. ; de Cataldo, G. ; Dekhissi, H. ; de Marzo, C. ; de Mitri, I. ; Derkaoui, J. ; de Vincenzi, M. ; di Credico, A. ; Favuzzi, C. ; Forti, C. ; Fusco, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giannini, G. ; Giglietto, N. ; Giorgini, M. ; Grassi, M. ; Grillo, A. ; Gustavino, C. ; Habig, A. ; Hanson, K. ; Heinz, R. ; Iarocci, E. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Katsavounidis, I. ; Kearns, E. ; Kim, H. ; Kumar, A. ; Kyriazopoulou, S. ; Lamanna, E. ; Lane, C. ; Levin, D. S. ; Lipari, P. ; Longo, M. J. ; Loparco, F. ; Maaroufi, F. ; Mancarella, G. ; Mandrioli, G. ; Manzoor, S. ; Margiotta, A. ; Marini, A. ; Martello, D. ; Marzari-Chiesa, A. ; Mazziotta, M. N. ; Michael, D. G. ; Mikheyev, S. ; Monacelli, P. ; Montaruli, T. ; Monteno, M. ; Mufson, S. ; Musser, J. ; Nicolò, D. ; Nolty, R. ; Orth, C. ; Osteria, G. ; Palamara, O. ; Patera, V. ; Patrizii, L. ; Pazzi, R. ; Peck, C. W. ; Perrone, L. ; Petrera, S. ; Popa, V. ; Rainò, A. ; Reynoldson, J. ; Ronga, F. ; Rrhioua, A. ; Satriano, C. ; Scapparone, E. ; Scholberg, K. ; Sciubba, A. ; Serra, P. ; Sioli, M. ; Sirri, G. ; Sitta, M. ; Spinelli, P. ; Spinetti, M. ; Spurio, M. ; Steinberg, R. ; Stone, J. L. ; Sulak, L. R. ; Surdo, A. ; Tarlè, G. ; Togo, V. ; Vakili, M. ; Walter, C. W. ; Webb, R. / Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2003 ; Vol. 566, No. 1-2. pp. 35-44.
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title = "Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO",
abstract = "The energy of atmospheric neutrinos detected by MACRO was estimated using multiple Coulomb scattering of upward throughgoing muons. This analysis allows a test of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, relying on the distortion of the muon energy distribution. These results have been combined with those coming from the upward throughgoing muon angular distribution only. Both analyses are independent of the neutrino flux normalization and provide strong evidence, above the 4σ level, in favour of neutrino oscillations.",
author = "M. Ambrosio and R. Antolini and D. Bakari and A. Baldini and Barbarino, {G. C.} and Barish, {B. C.} and G. Battistoni and Y. Becherini and R. Bellotti and C. Bemporad and P. Bernardini and H. Bilokon and C. Bloise and C. Bower and M. Brigida and S. Bussino and F. Cafagna and M. Calicchio and D. Campana and M. Carboni and R. Caruso and S. Cecchini and F. Cei and V. Chiarella and T. Chiarusi and Choudhary, {B. C.} and Stephane Coutu and M. Cozzi and {de Cataldo}, G. and H. Dekhissi and {de Marzo}, C. and {de Mitri}, I. and J. Derkaoui and {de Vincenzi}, M. and {di Credico}, A. and C. Favuzzi and C. Forti and P. Fusco and G. Giacomelli and G. Giannini and N. Giglietto and M. Giorgini and M. Grassi and A. Grillo and C. Gustavino and A. Habig and K. Hanson and R. Heinz and E. Iarocci and E. Katsavounidis and I. Katsavounidis and E. Kearns and H. Kim and A. Kumar and S. Kyriazopoulou and E. Lamanna and C. Lane and Levin, {D. S.} and P. Lipari and Longo, {M. J.} and F. Loparco and F. Maaroufi and G. Mancarella and G. Mandrioli and S. Manzoor and A. Margiotta and A. Marini and D. Martello and A. Marzari-Chiesa and Mazziotta, {M. N.} and Michael, {D. G.} and S. Mikheyev and P. Monacelli and T. Montaruli and M. Monteno and S. Mufson and J. Musser and D. Nicol{\`o} and R. Nolty and C. Orth and G. Osteria and O. Palamara and V. Patera and L. Patrizii and R. Pazzi and Peck, {C. W.} and L. Perrone and S. Petrera and V. Popa and A. Rain{\`o} and J. Reynoldson and F. Ronga and A. Rrhioua and C. Satriano and E. Scapparone and K. Scholberg and A. Sciubba and P. Serra and M. Sioli and G. Sirri and M. Sitta and P. Spinelli and M. Spinetti and M. Spurio and R. Steinberg and Stone, {J. L.} and Sulak, {L. R.} and A. Surdo and G. Tarl{\`e} and V. Togo and M. Vakili and Walter, {C. W.} and R. Webb",
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Ambrosio, M, Antolini, R, Bakari, D, Baldini, A, Barbarino, GC, Barish, BC, Battistoni, G, Becherini, Y, Bellotti, R, Bemporad, C, Bernardini, P, Bilokon, H, Bloise, C, Bower, C, Brigida, M, Bussino, S, Cafagna, F, Calicchio, M, Campana, D, Carboni, M, Caruso, R, Cecchini, S, Cei, F, Chiarella, V, Chiarusi, T, Choudhary, BC, Coutu, S, Cozzi, M, de Cataldo, G, Dekhissi, H, de Marzo, C, de Mitri, I, Derkaoui, J, de Vincenzi, M, di Credico, A, Favuzzi, C, Forti, C, Fusco, P, Giacomelli, G, Giannini, G, Giglietto, N, Giorgini, M, Grassi, M, Grillo, A, Gustavino, C, Habig, A, Hanson, K, Heinz, R, Iarocci, E, Katsavounidis, E, Katsavounidis, I, Kearns, E, Kim, H, Kumar, A, Kyriazopoulou, S, Lamanna, E, Lane, C, Levin, DS, Lipari, P, Longo, MJ, Loparco, F, Maaroufi, F, Mancarella, G, Mandrioli, G, Manzoor, S, Margiotta, A, Marini, A, Martello, D, Marzari-Chiesa, A, Mazziotta, MN, Michael, DG, Mikheyev, S, Monacelli, P, Montaruli, T, Monteno, M, Mufson, S, Musser, J, Nicolò, D, Nolty, R, Orth, C, Osteria, G, Palamara, O, Patera, V, Patrizii, L, Pazzi, R, Peck, CW, Perrone, L, Petrera, S, Popa, V, Rainò, A, Reynoldson, J, Ronga, F, Rrhioua, A, Satriano, C, Scapparone, E, Scholberg, K, Sciubba, A, Serra, P, Sioli, M, Sirri, G, Sitta, M, Spinelli, P, Spinetti, M, Spurio, M, Steinberg, R, Stone, JL, Sulak, LR, Surdo, A, Tarlè, G, Togo, V, Vakili, M, Walter, CW & Webb, R 2003, 'Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 566, no. 1-2, pp. 35-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(03)00806-2

Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO. / Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Bakari, D.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G. C.; Barish, B. C.; Battistoni, G.; Becherini, Y.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bloise, C.; Bower, C.; Brigida, M.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Caruso, R.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Chiarusi, T.; Choudhary, B. C.; Coutu, Stephane; Cozzi, M.; de Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; de Marzo, C.; de Mitri, I.; Derkaoui, J.; de Vincenzi, M.; di Credico, A.; Favuzzi, C.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giorgini, M.; Grassi, M.; Grillo, A.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Hanson, K.; Heinz, R.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Katsavounidis, I.; Kearns, E.; Kim, H.; Kumar, A.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Levin, D. S.; Lipari, P.; Longo, M. J.; Loparco, F.; Maaroufi, F.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Manzoor, S.; Margiotta, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari-Chiesa, A.; Mazziotta, M. N.; Michael, D. G.; Mikheyev, S.; Monacelli, P.; Montaruli, T.; Monteno, M.; Mufson, S.; Musser, J.; Nicolò, D.; Nolty, R.; Orth, C.; Osteria, G.; Palamara, O.; Patera, V.; Patrizii, L.; Pazzi, R.; Peck, C. W.; Perrone, L.; Petrera, S.; Popa, V.; Rainò, A.; Reynoldson, J.; Ronga, F.; Rrhioua, A.; Satriano, C.; Scapparone, E.; Scholberg, K.; Sciubba, A.; Serra, P.; Sioli, M.; Sirri, G.; Sitta, M.; Spinelli, P.; Spinetti, M.; Spurio, M.; Steinberg, R.; Stone, J. L.; Sulak, L. R.; Surdo, A.; Tarlè, G.; Togo, V.; Vakili, M.; Walter, C. W.; Webb, R.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 566, No. 1-2, 24.07.2003, p. 35-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Atmospheric neutrino oscillations from upward throughgoing muon multiple scattering in MACRO

AU - Ambrosio, M.

AU - Antolini, R.

AU - Bakari, D.

AU - Baldini, A.

AU - Barbarino, G. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Battistoni, G.

AU - Becherini, Y.

AU - Bellotti, R.

AU - Bemporad, C.

AU - Bernardini, P.

AU - Bilokon, H.

AU - Bloise, C.

AU - Bower, C.

AU - Brigida, M.

AU - Bussino, S.

AU - Cafagna, F.

AU - Calicchio, M.

AU - Campana, D.

AU - Carboni, M.

AU - Caruso, R.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Cei, F.

AU - Chiarella, V.

AU - Chiarusi, T.

AU - Choudhary, B. C.

AU - Coutu, Stephane

AU - Cozzi, M.

AU - de Cataldo, G.

AU - Dekhissi, H.

AU - de Marzo, C.

AU - de Mitri, I.

AU - Derkaoui, J.

AU - de Vincenzi, M.

AU - di Credico, A.

AU - Favuzzi, C.

AU - Forti, C.

AU - Fusco, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giannini, G.

AU - Giglietto, N.

AU - Giorgini, M.

AU - Grassi, M.

AU - Grillo, A.

AU - Gustavino, C.

AU - Habig, A.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Heinz, R.

AU - Iarocci, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, E.

AU - Katsavounidis, I.

AU - Kearns, E.

AU - Kim, H.

AU - Kumar, A.

AU - Kyriazopoulou, S.

AU - Lamanna, E.

AU - Lane, C.

AU - Levin, D. S.

AU - Lipari, P.

AU - Longo, M. J.

AU - Loparco, F.

AU - Maaroufi, F.

AU - Mancarella, G.

AU - Mandrioli, G.

AU - Manzoor, S.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Marini, A.

AU - Martello, D.

AU - Marzari-Chiesa, A.

AU - Mazziotta, M. N.

AU - Michael, D. G.

AU - Mikheyev, S.

AU - Monacelli, P.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Monteno, M.

AU - Mufson, S.

AU - Musser, J.

AU - Nicolò, D.

AU - Nolty, R.

AU - Orth, C.

AU - Osteria, G.

AU - Palamara, O.

AU - Patera, V.

AU - Patrizii, L.

AU - Pazzi, R.

AU - Peck, C. W.

AU - Perrone, L.

AU - Petrera, S.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Rainò, A.

AU - Reynoldson, J.

AU - Ronga, F.

AU - Rrhioua, A.

AU - Satriano, C.

AU - Scapparone, E.

AU - Scholberg, K.

AU - Sciubba, A.

AU - Serra, P.

AU - Sioli, M.

AU - Sirri, G.

AU - Sitta, M.

AU - Spinelli, P.

AU - Spinetti, M.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steinberg, R.

AU - Stone, J. L.

AU - Sulak, L. R.

AU - Surdo, A.

AU - Tarlè, G.

AU - Togo, V.

AU - Vakili, M.

AU - Walter, C. W.

AU - Webb, R.

PY - 2003/7/24

Y1 - 2003/7/24

N2 - The energy of atmospheric neutrinos detected by MACRO was estimated using multiple Coulomb scattering of upward throughgoing muons. This analysis allows a test of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, relying on the distortion of the muon energy distribution. These results have been combined with those coming from the upward throughgoing muon angular distribution only. Both analyses are independent of the neutrino flux normalization and provide strong evidence, above the 4σ level, in favour of neutrino oscillations.

AB - The energy of atmospheric neutrinos detected by MACRO was estimated using multiple Coulomb scattering of upward throughgoing muons. This analysis allows a test of atmospheric neutrino oscillations, relying on the distortion of the muon energy distribution. These results have been combined with those coming from the upward throughgoing muon angular distribution only. Both analyses are independent of the neutrino flux normalization and provide strong evidence, above the 4σ level, in favour of neutrino oscillations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038157011&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038157011&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0370-2693(03)00806-2

DO - 10.1016/S0370-2693(03)00806-2

M3 - Article

VL - 566

SP - 35

EP - 44

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 1-2

ER -