Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires: Mapping, analysis and modeling

Germana Manca, Guido Cervone, Keith C. Clarke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A combined GIS and remote sensing approach to map and model the large wildfires in the summer 2003 at Glacier National Park. Numerical simulations were performed using the Clarke cellular automaton fire model, and the fire extents were validated using remote sensing data from the MODIS instrument. The results show a good correlation between the predicted fires and the actual. In addition, remote sensing data from the MODIS and TOMS instruments are used to quantify the optical dimming of the atmosphere caused by the fires. Atmospheric dimming correlated both spatially and temporally with the amount of burned fuel computed by the Clarke model. The observed atmospheric dimming is correlated both spatially and temporally with the fire simulations. Such knowledge is crucial in order to build a coupled land-atmosphere fire model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Pages5360-5363
Number of pages4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 32nd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2012 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Jul 22 2012Jul 27 2012

Other

Other2012 32nd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2012
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period7/22/127/27/12

Fingerprint

Glaciers
wildfire
glacier
Fires
modeling
Remote sensing
remote sensing
MODIS
TOMS
cellular automaton
atmosphere
Cellular automata
Geographic information systems
simulation
analysis
national park
GIS
Computer simulation
summer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Manca, G., Cervone, G., & Clarke, K. C. (2012). Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires: Mapping, analysis and modeling. In IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp. 5360-5363). [6352396] https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2012.6352396
Manca, Germana ; Cervone, Guido ; Clarke, Keith C. / Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires : Mapping, analysis and modeling. IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2012. pp. 5360-5363
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abstract = "A combined GIS and remote sensing approach to map and model the large wildfires in the summer 2003 at Glacier National Park. Numerical simulations were performed using the Clarke cellular automaton fire model, and the fire extents were validated using remote sensing data from the MODIS instrument. The results show a good correlation between the predicted fires and the actual. In addition, remote sensing data from the MODIS and TOMS instruments are used to quantify the optical dimming of the atmosphere caused by the fires. Atmospheric dimming correlated both spatially and temporally with the amount of burned fuel computed by the Clarke model. The observed atmospheric dimming is correlated both spatially and temporally with the fire simulations. Such knowledge is crucial in order to build a coupled land-atmosphere fire model.",
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Manca, G, Cervone, G & Clarke, KC 2012, Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires: Mapping, analysis and modeling. in IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium., 6352396, pp. 5360-5363, 2012 32nd IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2012, Munich, Germany, 7/22/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2012.6352396

Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires : Mapping, analysis and modeling. / Manca, Germana; Cervone, Guido; Clarke, Keith C.

IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2012. p. 5360-5363 6352396.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Manca G, Cervone G, Clarke KC. Atmospheric releases during the 2003 glacier wildfires: Mapping, analysis and modeling. In IGARSS 2012 - 2012 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. 2012. p. 5360-5363. 6352396 https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2012.6352396