The crystallographic and electronic structures of (010) APB of L12 Co3Al0.75TM0.25 are studied by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations. Effects of solute atoms (TM = Cr, Hf, Mo, Ni, Re, Ru, Ta, Ti, W and Y) on the formation energy, lattice parameters/distortion, magnetism, and bonding strength of the (010) APB in Co3Al0.75TM0.25 are obtained from first-principles calculations. Comparing to the equilibrium volume of Co3Al, it is found that the volume change of the Co3Al0.75TM0.25 with and without the presence of APB increases linearly with the volume of the corresponding FCC elements, indicating the contribution of the solute atoms on lattice distortion of bulk and (010) APB. Particularly, the strong dependence of the APB energy on the composition is comprehensively discussed together with the available experimental and theoretical data in the literature. The negative (010) APB energy indicates that the formation of (010) APB could stabilize the ordered L12 (or the FCC-lattice) Co3Al, and the local L12 → D022 phase transformation can occur. The physical natures of lattice distortions caused by the fault layers of APB and the solute atoms are characterized by bonding charge density. It is found that the solute atoms, occupying Al site of L12 phase and its (010) APB, increase the local bonding strength along (010) through the electron redistribution during forming the chemical bonds with Co, revealing an intrinsic solid-solution strengthening mechanism. This work provides an insight into the atomic and electronic basis for solid-solution strengthening mechanism of L12 Co3Al0.75TM0.25.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys