Atomic layer deposition of ZnO on MoS 2 and WSe 2

Timothy N. Walter, Sora Lee, Xiaotian Zhang, Mikhail Chubarov, Joan M. Redwing, Thomas N. Jackson, Suzanne E. Mohney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is an enabling technology for the fabrication of many nanoscale semiconductor devices. This study focuses on ALD of ZnO on the two-dimensional (2D) materials MoS 2 and WSe 2 . Mechanically exfoliated flakes and coalesced films of MoS 2 and WSe 2 acted as substrates for ALD and plasma-enhanced ALD (PEALD) of ZnO at 125 °C, and were investigated by atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The MoS 2 and WSe 2 surfaces resisted nucleation during thermal ALD everywhere except defects, allowing for selective growth of ZnO on the surrounding SiO 2 substrate for over 500 cycles. UV-O 3 pre-treatment showed different results for MoS 2 and WSe 2 . On MoS 2 , UV-O 3 pre-treatment was effective in inducing nucleation; ZnO was deposited on different areas of the flake with different thicknesses, and coalesced films formed, unlike ZnO deposited during thermal ALD without pretreatment. On WSe 2 , ZnO nucleated only on certain more reactive areas of the surface that had been oxidized during treatment. PEALD was successful in growing uniform and coalesced films of ZnO on both materials but destroyed the top layer of TMD by oxidation at the conditions tested. The interface of ZnO and 2D materials might be used in future nanoscale devices, and this study shows that it may be effectively controlled using different ALD methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-51
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - Jun 30 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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