Understanding surface reactions of silicate glass under interfacial shear is critical as it can provide physical insights needed for rational design of more durable glasses. Here, we performed reactive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with ReaxFF potentials to study the mechanochemical wear of sodium silicate glass rubbed with amorphous silica in the absence and presence of interfacial water molecules. The effect of water molecules on the shear-induced chemical reaction at the sliding interface was investigated. The dependence of wear on the number of interfacial water molecules in ReaxFF-MD simulations was in reasonable agreement with the experimental data. Confirming this, the ReaxFF-MD simulation was used to find further details of atomistic reaction dynamics that cannot be obtained from experimental investigations only. The simulation showed that the severe wear in the dry condition is due to the formation of interfacial Sisubstrate–O–Sicounter_surface bond that convey the interfacial shear stress to the subsurface and the presence of interfacial water reduces the interfacial bridging bond formation. The leachable sodium ions facilitate surface reactions with water-producing hydroxyl groups and their key role in the hydrolysis reaction is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry