Attenuation of decameter wavelength sky noise during x-ray solar flares in 2013–2017 based on the observations of midlatitude HF radars

O. I. Berngardt, J. M. Ruohoniemi, N. Nishitani, S. G. Shepherd, W. A. Bristow, E. S. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on a joint analysis of data from 10 midlatitude decameter wavelength radars effects are investigated during 80 x-ray flares that occurred in the period 2013–2017. For the investigation nine mid-latitude SuperDARN radars of the northern hemisphere (Adak Island West and East radars, Blackstone radar, Christmas Valley East and West radars, Fort Hays East and West radars, Hokkaido East radar and Wallops radar) and Ekaterinburg coherent decameter radar of ISTP SB RAS are used. All the radars work in the same 8–20 MHz frequency band and have similar hardware and software. During the analysis the temporal dynamics of noise from each of the radar direction and for each flare is investigated separately. As a result, on the basis of about 13000 daily measurements we found a strong anticorrelation between noise power and x-ray flare intensity, indicating that short-wave sky noise can be used to diagnose the ionospheric effects of x-ray solar flares. It is shown that in 88.3% of cases an attenuation of daytime decameter radio noise is observed during solar flares, and the attenuation correlates with the temporal dynamics of the solar flare. The intensity of decameter noise anticorrelates well (the Pearson correlation coefficient better than −0.5) with the shape of the X-ray flare in the daytime (for solar elevation angle >0) in 33% of cases, the average Pearson correlation over the daytime is about −0.34. Median regression coefficient between GOES 0.1–0.8 nm x-ray intensity and daytime sky-noise attenuation is about −4.4⋅104[dB⋅m2/Wt]. Thus, it is shown that measurements of the sky noise level at midlatitude decameter radars can be used to study the ionospheric absorption of high-frequency waves in the lower ionosphere during x-ray solar flares. This can be explained by the assumption that the larger part of the decameter sky noise detected by the radars is produced by ground sources at distances of the first propagation hop (∼3000 km).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume173
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science

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