A series of studies was conducted to evaluate the effects of phorbol esters and a diacylglycerol analog on basal and hormone-stimulated steroidogenesis in granulosa cells from the largest preovulatory follicle of the domestic hen. Agents that previously have been shown to activate protein kinase C, such as the tumor-promoting phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and the synthetic diacylglycerol analog, 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol (OAG), suppressed luteinizing hormone (LH)-induced progesterone (PMA at levels of 10 and 100 ng/tube; OAG at levels of 10 and 25 micrograms/tube), and androgen (10 and 100 ng PMA; 25 micrograms OAG) production, but had no effect on basal levels of either steroid. Furthermore, PMA decreased the ability of vasoactive intestinal peptide to induce steroidogenesis, suggesting that protein kinase C activation may generally modulate the activity of hormones that act via the adenylyl cyclase/cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) second messenger system. In further support of this proposal was the finding that PMA and OAG decreased the production of cAMP in response to LH, and attenuated the steroidogenic response in granulosa cells exposed to 10 mM 8-bromo-cAMP. By contrast, the induction of calcium mobilization using a calcium ionophore (A23187; 0.5-2.0 microM) stimulated progesterone and androgen production without increasing intracellular levels of cAMP, and this stimulatory effect on steroidogenesis was not inhibited by the presence of 100 ng PMA/tube. From these data, we suggest that the activation of protein kinase C in granulosa cells of the hen may provide a physiological mechanism by which receptor-mediated steroidogenesis, involving the adenylyl cyclase second messenger system, is modulated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Cell Biology