Event-related potential (ERP), reaction time (RT), and response accuracy measures were obtained during the phonological and semantic categorization of spoken words in 14 undergraduates: 7 were average readers and 7 were reading- impaired. For the impaired readers, motor responses were significantly slower and less accurate than were those of the average readers in both classification tasks. ERPs obtained during rhyme processing displayed a relatively larger amplitude negativity at about 480 ms for the impaired readers as compared to the average readers, whereas semantic processing resulted in no major group differences in the ERPs at this latency. Also, N480 amplitude was larger during semantic relative to phonological classification for the average readers but not for the impaired readers. Results are compared to a previous study of reading-impaired children on the same tasks.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology|
|State||Published - 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Psychology
- Clinical Neurology