Autism reversal: eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals

N. H. Azrin, S. J. Kaplan, R. M. Foxx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stereotyped self stimulation by retarded persons is a common problem for which no practical treatment exists. Based on the theory that this autistic behavior is caused by a deficit of environmental reinforcement for outward directed activities, a reinforcement program was devised for use with retarded adults. This reinforcement program reduced self stimulation by about 2/3. Further reduction was attempted using an overcorrection procedure. The overcorrection procedure, when combined with the reinforcement program, reduced the self stimulation by 95% after two days and virtually eliminated the problem thereafter. The combined procedure was maintained as a feasible ongoing ward program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Volume78
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1973

Fingerprint

Self Stimulation
Autistic Disorder
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Reinforcement
Self-stimulation
Autism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Azrin, N. H. ; Kaplan, S. J. ; Foxx, R. M. / Autism reversal : eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals. In: American Journal of Mental Deficiency. 1973 ; Vol. 78, No. 3. pp. 241-248.
@article{9b6cd9d6710b48cf9d5074a649f5b839,
title = "Autism reversal: eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals",
abstract = "Stereotyped self stimulation by retarded persons is a common problem for which no practical treatment exists. Based on the theory that this autistic behavior is caused by a deficit of environmental reinforcement for outward directed activities, a reinforcement program was devised for use with retarded adults. This reinforcement program reduced self stimulation by about 2/3. Further reduction was attempted using an overcorrection procedure. The overcorrection procedure, when combined with the reinforcement program, reduced the self stimulation by 95{\%} after two days and virtually eliminated the problem thereafter. The combined procedure was maintained as a feasible ongoing ward program.",
author = "Azrin, {N. H.} and Kaplan, {S. J.} and Foxx, {R. M.}",
year = "1973",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "78",
pages = "241--248",
journal = "American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
issn = "1944-7515",
publisher = "American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities",
number = "3",

}

Autism reversal : eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals. / Azrin, N. H.; Kaplan, S. J.; Foxx, R. M.

In: American Journal of Mental Deficiency, Vol. 78, No. 3, 01.12.1973, p. 241-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autism reversal

T2 - eliminating stereotyped self stimulation of retarded individuals

AU - Azrin, N. H.

AU - Kaplan, S. J.

AU - Foxx, R. M.

PY - 1973/12/1

Y1 - 1973/12/1

N2 - Stereotyped self stimulation by retarded persons is a common problem for which no practical treatment exists. Based on the theory that this autistic behavior is caused by a deficit of environmental reinforcement for outward directed activities, a reinforcement program was devised for use with retarded adults. This reinforcement program reduced self stimulation by about 2/3. Further reduction was attempted using an overcorrection procedure. The overcorrection procedure, when combined with the reinforcement program, reduced the self stimulation by 95% after two days and virtually eliminated the problem thereafter. The combined procedure was maintained as a feasible ongoing ward program.

AB - Stereotyped self stimulation by retarded persons is a common problem for which no practical treatment exists. Based on the theory that this autistic behavior is caused by a deficit of environmental reinforcement for outward directed activities, a reinforcement program was devised for use with retarded adults. This reinforcement program reduced self stimulation by about 2/3. Further reduction was attempted using an overcorrection procedure. The overcorrection procedure, when combined with the reinforcement program, reduced the self stimulation by 95% after two days and virtually eliminated the problem thereafter. The combined procedure was maintained as a feasible ongoing ward program.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0015745246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0015745246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 4769165

AN - SCOPUS:0015745246

VL - 78

SP - 241

EP - 248

JO - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

JF - American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

SN - 1944-7515

IS - 3

ER -