This paper describes an automated vision system for detecting and classifying surface defects on leather fabric. In the defect inspection process, visual defects are located and reported through a two-step segmentation procedure based on thresholding and morphological processing. In the defect classification process, the system utilizes both geometric and statistical features as its feature sets; that is, a new normalized compactness measure, and first-and second-order statistical features. In an effort to maximize the classification efficiency, a three-stage sequential decision-tree classifier is adopted for the classification of five types of defects: lines, holes, stains, wears, and knots. If line defects are identified as a result of classification, they are checked by a line combination algorithm to determine if they are parts of larger line defects and, in such a case, are reported as combined line defects. Satisfactory results were achieved in the classification test with an overall accuracy of 91.25%. 2001-IOS Press.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Artificial Intelligence