Virtual bronchoscopy (VB) has emerged as a paradigm for more effective 3D CT image evaluation. Systematic evaluation of a 3D CT chest image using VB techniques, however, requires precomputed guidance data. This guidance data takes the form of central axes, or centerlines, through the major airways. We propose an axes-generation algorithm for VB assessment of 3D CT chest images. For a typical high-resolution 3D CT chest image, the algorithm produces a series of airway-tree axes, corresponding airway cross-sectional area measurements, and a segmented airway tree in a few minutes on a standard PC. Results for phantom and human airway-obstruction cases demonstrate the efficacy of the algorithm. Also, the algorithm is demonstrated in the context of VB-based 3D CT assessment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Health Informatics
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design