Avoiding postoperative malposition of upper body tunneled central venous catheters in children: Evaluating technique and depth of placement

Joshua Gish, Tiffany Wright, Samir Gadepalli, Marcus Jarboe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Suboptimal position of tunneled central venous catheters (Broviacs) decreases long-term catheter longevity, incurring morbidity and cost. We postulated that catheter malposition is related to patient's age, technique used, and initial catheter tip location (CTL). Methods We performed a retrospective review with 1-year follow-up of Broviacs placed in patients at our children's hospital from 3/2010 to 10/2013. We defined malposition as a noncentral CTL that required replacement, excluding catheters physically dislodged. We used logistic regression to determine whether age, technique and CTL predicted malposition with p-value < 0.05 deemed significant. We analyzed line longevity for different insertion techniques by survival analysis. Results Overall, 404 upper body Broviacs were placed in 282 children (median age = 1.4 years [IQR:0.45–5.35]). Thirty-six (8.9%) were replaced for malposition, at median of 84.5 days [IQR:36–159]. We found that older children were less likely to develop malposition (OR = 0.91,p = 0.002). Adjusting for patient age and placement technique, catheters placed ≥ 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina were less likely to be malpositioned (OR = 0.37,p = 0.015). Cox-regression shows the lateral technique to have the lowest rate of malposition within 90 days (HR = 0.30,p = 0.03). Conclusion Older patients and lines placed 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina are less likely to become malpositioned. Using the lateral approach for insertion improves catheter longevity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1336-1340
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric surgery
Volume51
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Fingerprint

Central Venous Catheters
Catheters
Survival Analysis
Logistic Models
Morbidity
Costs and Cost Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Avoiding postoperative malposition of upper body tunneled central venous catheters in children: Evaluating technique and depth of placement",
abstract = "Background Suboptimal position of tunneled central venous catheters (Broviacs) decreases long-term catheter longevity, incurring morbidity and cost. We postulated that catheter malposition is related to patient's age, technique used, and initial catheter tip location (CTL). Methods We performed a retrospective review with 1-year follow-up of Broviacs placed in patients at our children's hospital from 3/2010 to 10/2013. We defined malposition as a noncentral CTL that required replacement, excluding catheters physically dislodged. We used logistic regression to determine whether age, technique and CTL predicted malposition with p-value < 0.05 deemed significant. We analyzed line longevity for different insertion techniques by survival analysis. Results Overall, 404 upper body Broviacs were placed in 282 children (median age = 1.4 years [IQR:0.45–5.35]). Thirty-six (8.9{\%}) were replaced for malposition, at median of 84.5 days [IQR:36–159]. We found that older children were less likely to develop malposition (OR = 0.91,p = 0.002). Adjusting for patient age and placement technique, catheters placed ≥ 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina were less likely to be malpositioned (OR = 0.37,p = 0.015). Cox-regression shows the lateral technique to have the lowest rate of malposition within 90 days (HR = 0.30,p = 0.03). Conclusion Older patients and lines placed 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina are less likely to become malpositioned. Using the lateral approach for insertion improves catheter longevity.",
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Avoiding postoperative malposition of upper body tunneled central venous catheters in children : Evaluating technique and depth of placement. / Gish, Joshua; Wright, Tiffany; Gadepalli, Samir; Jarboe, Marcus.

In: Journal of pediatric surgery, Vol. 51, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 1336-1340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Avoiding postoperative malposition of upper body tunneled central venous catheters in children

T2 - Evaluating technique and depth of placement

AU - Gish, Joshua

AU - Wright, Tiffany

AU - Gadepalli, Samir

AU - Jarboe, Marcus

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Background Suboptimal position of tunneled central venous catheters (Broviacs) decreases long-term catheter longevity, incurring morbidity and cost. We postulated that catheter malposition is related to patient's age, technique used, and initial catheter tip location (CTL). Methods We performed a retrospective review with 1-year follow-up of Broviacs placed in patients at our children's hospital from 3/2010 to 10/2013. We defined malposition as a noncentral CTL that required replacement, excluding catheters physically dislodged. We used logistic regression to determine whether age, technique and CTL predicted malposition with p-value < 0.05 deemed significant. We analyzed line longevity for different insertion techniques by survival analysis. Results Overall, 404 upper body Broviacs were placed in 282 children (median age = 1.4 years [IQR:0.45–5.35]). Thirty-six (8.9%) were replaced for malposition, at median of 84.5 days [IQR:36–159]. We found that older children were less likely to develop malposition (OR = 0.91,p = 0.002). Adjusting for patient age and placement technique, catheters placed ≥ 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina were less likely to be malpositioned (OR = 0.37,p = 0.015). Cox-regression shows the lateral technique to have the lowest rate of malposition within 90 days (HR = 0.30,p = 0.03). Conclusion Older patients and lines placed 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina are less likely to become malpositioned. Using the lateral approach for insertion improves catheter longevity.

AB - Background Suboptimal position of tunneled central venous catheters (Broviacs) decreases long-term catheter longevity, incurring morbidity and cost. We postulated that catheter malposition is related to patient's age, technique used, and initial catheter tip location (CTL). Methods We performed a retrospective review with 1-year follow-up of Broviacs placed in patients at our children's hospital from 3/2010 to 10/2013. We defined malposition as a noncentral CTL that required replacement, excluding catheters physically dislodged. We used logistic regression to determine whether age, technique and CTL predicted malposition with p-value < 0.05 deemed significant. We analyzed line longevity for different insertion techniques by survival analysis. Results Overall, 404 upper body Broviacs were placed in 282 children (median age = 1.4 years [IQR:0.45–5.35]). Thirty-six (8.9%) were replaced for malposition, at median of 84.5 days [IQR:36–159]. We found that older children were less likely to develop malposition (OR = 0.91,p = 0.002). Adjusting for patient age and placement technique, catheters placed ≥ 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina were less likely to be malpositioned (OR = 0.37,p = 0.015). Cox-regression shows the lateral technique to have the lowest rate of malposition within 90 days (HR = 0.30,p = 0.03). Conclusion Older patients and lines placed 1.5 vertebral bodies below the carina are less likely to become malpositioned. Using the lateral approach for insertion improves catheter longevity.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.01.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.01.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 26926208

AN - SCOPUS:84959249540

VL - 51

SP - 1336

EP - 1340

JO - Journal of Pediatric Surgery

JF - Journal of Pediatric Surgery

SN - 0022-3468

IS - 8

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