In contrast to positive signaling leading to proliferation, the mechanisms involved in negative signaling culminating in apoptosis after B cell Ag receptor (BCR) ligation have received little study. We find that apoptosis induced by BCR cross-linking on EBV-negative mature and immature human B cell lines involves the following sequential, required events: a cyclosporin A-inhibitable, likely calcineurin-mediated step; and activation of caspase-2, -3, and -9. Caspase-2 is activated early and plays a major role in the apoptotic pathway, while caspase-9 is activated later in the apoptotic pathway and most likely functions to amplify the apoptotic signal. Caspase-8 and -1, which are activated by ligation of the CD95 and TNF-R1 death receptors, are not involved. Apoptosis induced by BCR ligation thus proceeds via a previously unreported intracellular signaling pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy