Background and survey of bioreplication techniques

Drew Patrick Pulsifer, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Bioreplication is the direct reproduction of a biological structure in order to realize at least one specific functionality. Current bioreplication techniques include the sol-gel technique, atomic layer deposition, physical vapor deposition, and imprint lithography and casting. The combined use of a focused ion beam and a scanning electron microscope could develop into a bioreplication technique as well. Some of these techniques are more suitable for reproducing surface features, others for bulk three-dimensional structures. Industrial upscaling appears possible only for imprint lithography and casting (which can be replaced by stamping).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031001
JournalBioinspiration and Biomimetics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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