Bacterial transport in NAPL-contaminated porous media

Brock Rogers, Bruce Ernest Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

To understand the effect of a non-aqueous-phase liquid (NAPL) on bacterial transport, column experiments in the presence and absence of a NAPL were conducted using two bacterial strains and two different porous media. The presence of a NAPL (tetrachloroethene) decreased the retention of Pseudomonas fluorescens P17 in quartz and soil columns (factor of 2 for quartz and 1.6 for the soil). In contrast, there was little change in the overall transport of P. putida KT2442 in soil columns in the presence of a NAPL. To understand how a NAPL phase might affect bacterial transport, several different mechanisms of particle removal by a NAPL were hypothesized, and a filtration model was modified to test each hypothesis. Only one of the five models was consistent with the increased transport of P17 in the presence of the NAPL suggesting that the NAPL produced large, immobile zones of water. The presence of immobile water zones would decrease overall porosity, reduce the number of packing grains available for particle filtration, and increase water velocity, resulting in increased bacterial transport in the presence of a NAPL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-666
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume126
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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