The T4 bacteriophage Dda helicase is believed to be involved in early events in T4 DNA replication and has been shown to stimulate genetic recombination processes in vitro. Dda unwinds double-stranded DNA with 5' to 3' polarity but its ability to translocate on DNA has not been established. The DNA stimulated ATPase activity of Dda helicase has been used to probe translocation on single-strand DNA (ssDNA). Dda exhibits higher ATPase activity in the presence of poly(dT) than oligo(dT)16, indicating that Dda translocates on ssDNA. Oligonucleotides containing biotin/streptavidin blocks on the 5' or 3' end were used to probe directionality of translocation. The K(act) (K(m) for DNA) for Dda ATPase activity was reduced in the presence of a streptavidin block on the 3' end, whereas a streptavidin block on the 5' end had only a small effect on the steady-state ATPase parameters. These results suggest that Dda translocates unidirectionally in a 5' to 3' manner and upon encountering the block remains bound to the oligonucleotide rather than sliding off the 3' end. The direction of translocation on ssDNA is consistent with the direction in which Dda unwinds duplex DNA and is not dependent on duplex structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology