Ballistic performance of alumina/S-2 glass-reinforced polymer-matrix composite hybrid lightweight armor against armor piercing (ap) and non-AP projectiles

M. Grujicic, B. Pandurangan, U. Zecevic, K. L. Koudela, B. A. Cheeseman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ability of light-weight all fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite armor and hybrid composite-based armor hard-faced with ceramic tiles to withstand the impact of a non-Armor-Piercing (non-AP) and AP projectiles is investigated using a transient non-linear dynamics computational analysis. The results obtained confirm experimental findings that the all-composite armor, while being able to successfully defeat non-AP threats, provides very little protection against AP projectiles. In the case of the hybrid armor, it is found that, at a fixed overall areal density of the armor, there is an optimal ratio of the ceramic-to-composite areal densities which is associated with a maximum ballistic armor performance against AP threats. The results obtained are rationalized using an analysis based on the shock/blast wave reflection and transmission behavior at the hard-face/air, hard-face/backing and backing/air interfaces, projectiles' wear and erosion and the intrinsic properties of the constituent materials of the armor and the projectiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-312
Number of pages26
JournalMultidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

Polymer Matrix Composites
Polymer matrix composites
Piercing
Alumina
Projectile
Aluminum Oxide
Armor
Ballistics
Projectiles
Glass
Composite
Face
Transient Dynamics
Blast
Computational Analysis
Erosion
Tile
Dynamic Analysis
Composite materials
Nonlinear Dynamics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{bb19b2752c544a829a9e03cda59e406b,
title = "Ballistic performance of alumina/S-2 glass-reinforced polymer-matrix composite hybrid lightweight armor against armor piercing (ap) and non-AP projectiles",
abstract = "The ability of light-weight all fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite armor and hybrid composite-based armor hard-faced with ceramic tiles to withstand the impact of a non-Armor-Piercing (non-AP) and AP projectiles is investigated using a transient non-linear dynamics computational analysis. The results obtained confirm experimental findings that the all-composite armor, while being able to successfully defeat non-AP threats, provides very little protection against AP projectiles. In the case of the hybrid armor, it is found that, at a fixed overall areal density of the armor, there is an optimal ratio of the ceramic-to-composite areal densities which is associated with a maximum ballistic armor performance against AP threats. The results obtained are rationalized using an analysis based on the shock/blast wave reflection and transmission behavior at the hard-face/air, hard-face/backing and backing/air interfaces, projectiles' wear and erosion and the intrinsic properties of the constituent materials of the armor and the projectiles.",
author = "M. Grujicic and B. Pandurangan and U. Zecevic and Koudela, {K. L.} and Cheeseman, {B. A.}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1163/157361107781389562",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "287--312",
journal = "Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures",
issn = "1573-6105",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

Ballistic performance of alumina/S-2 glass-reinforced polymer-matrix composite hybrid lightweight armor against armor piercing (ap) and non-AP projectiles. / Grujicic, M.; Pandurangan, B.; Zecevic, U.; Koudela, K. L.; Cheeseman, B. A.

In: Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, Vol. 3, No. 3, 01.06.2007, p. 287-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ballistic performance of alumina/S-2 glass-reinforced polymer-matrix composite hybrid lightweight armor against armor piercing (ap) and non-AP projectiles

AU - Grujicic, M.

AU - Pandurangan, B.

AU - Zecevic, U.

AU - Koudela, K. L.

AU - Cheeseman, B. A.

PY - 2007/6/1

Y1 - 2007/6/1

N2 - The ability of light-weight all fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite armor and hybrid composite-based armor hard-faced with ceramic tiles to withstand the impact of a non-Armor-Piercing (non-AP) and AP projectiles is investigated using a transient non-linear dynamics computational analysis. The results obtained confirm experimental findings that the all-composite armor, while being able to successfully defeat non-AP threats, provides very little protection against AP projectiles. In the case of the hybrid armor, it is found that, at a fixed overall areal density of the armor, there is an optimal ratio of the ceramic-to-composite areal densities which is associated with a maximum ballistic armor performance against AP threats. The results obtained are rationalized using an analysis based on the shock/blast wave reflection and transmission behavior at the hard-face/air, hard-face/backing and backing/air interfaces, projectiles' wear and erosion and the intrinsic properties of the constituent materials of the armor and the projectiles.

AB - The ability of light-weight all fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite armor and hybrid composite-based armor hard-faced with ceramic tiles to withstand the impact of a non-Armor-Piercing (non-AP) and AP projectiles is investigated using a transient non-linear dynamics computational analysis. The results obtained confirm experimental findings that the all-composite armor, while being able to successfully defeat non-AP threats, provides very little protection against AP projectiles. In the case of the hybrid armor, it is found that, at a fixed overall areal density of the armor, there is an optimal ratio of the ceramic-to-composite areal densities which is associated with a maximum ballistic armor performance against AP threats. The results obtained are rationalized using an analysis based on the shock/blast wave reflection and transmission behavior at the hard-face/air, hard-face/backing and backing/air interfaces, projectiles' wear and erosion and the intrinsic properties of the constituent materials of the armor and the projectiles.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34547531805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34547531805&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1163/157361107781389562

DO - 10.1163/157361107781389562

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34547531805

VL - 3

SP - 287

EP - 312

JO - Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

JF - Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

SN - 1573-6105

IS - 3

ER -