Ballistic properties and burning behaviour of an ammonium perchlorate/guanidine nitrate/sodium nitrate airbag solid propellant

A. Ulas, Grant Alexander Risha, K. K. Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An experimental investigation on the determination of ballistic properties and burning behavior of a composite solid propellant for airbag application was conducted. The experimental results were obtained using a high-pressure optical strand burner. Steady-state burning rates were determined for a pressure range of 20.8-41.5 MPa and initial propellant temperatures of -30 to +80 °C. For the pressure and temperature ranges tested, the temperature sensitivity was on the order of 1 × 10-3 K-1. The pressure exponent was found to be a function of the initial propellant temperature and was 0.75 at 25 °C. The activation energy and the pre-exponential factor of the Arrhenius equation are 2.735 kcal/mol and 15.06 cm/s, respectively. The pressure deflagration limit for this propellant was found to be in the range of 8.37-8.72 MPa. During combustion, small condensed-phase spherical particles were ejected from the burning surface. The size of the particles decreased with either increasing the pressure or the initial propellant temperature. For pressures below 41.4 MPa, average particle size was on the order of 900 μm, and at 84.4 MPa, the bead size was much smaller, on the order of 300 μm. A chemical analysis on these particles using both the ESEM and the X-ray diffraction method indicated that the material of the beads was mostly sodium chloride with a small amount of silicon-containing compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1979-1986
Number of pages8
JournalFuel
Volume85
Issue number14-15
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

Fingerprint

Solid propellants
Guanidine
Ballistics
Nitrates
Sodium
Propellants
Temperature
Silicon
Sodium chloride
sodium nitrate
ammonium perchlorate
Fuel burners
Sodium Chloride
Activation energy
Particle size
X ray diffraction
Composite materials
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "An experimental investigation on the determination of ballistic properties and burning behavior of a composite solid propellant for airbag application was conducted. The experimental results were obtained using a high-pressure optical strand burner. Steady-state burning rates were determined for a pressure range of 20.8-41.5 MPa and initial propellant temperatures of -30 to +80 °C. For the pressure and temperature ranges tested, the temperature sensitivity was on the order of 1 × 10-3 K-1. The pressure exponent was found to be a function of the initial propellant temperature and was 0.75 at 25 °C. The activation energy and the pre-exponential factor of the Arrhenius equation are 2.735 kcal/mol and 15.06 cm/s, respectively. The pressure deflagration limit for this propellant was found to be in the range of 8.37-8.72 MPa. During combustion, small condensed-phase spherical particles were ejected from the burning surface. The size of the particles decreased with either increasing the pressure or the initial propellant temperature. For pressures below 41.4 MPa, average particle size was on the order of 900 μm, and at 84.4 MPa, the bead size was much smaller, on the order of 300 μm. A chemical analysis on these particles using both the ESEM and the X-ray diffraction method indicated that the material of the beads was mostly sodium chloride with a small amount of silicon-containing compounds.",
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Ballistic properties and burning behaviour of an ammonium perchlorate/guanidine nitrate/sodium nitrate airbag solid propellant. / Ulas, A.; Risha, Grant Alexander; Kuo, K. K.

In: Fuel, Vol. 85, No. 14-15, 01.10.2006, p. 1979-1986.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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