BANK1, an adaptor protein expressed in B cells, plays a little understood role in B cell signaling. Because BANK1 contains an N-terminal putative Toll/IL-1R receptor domain, we used mouse Bank1-/- splenic B cells to test whether BANK1 affects signaling induced by the TLR9 agonist CpG. Following CpG stimulation, BANK1 deficiency reduced p38 phosphorylation without affecting that of ERK or JNK and reduced IL-6 secretion. Bank1-/- B cells showed reduced phosphorylation of MNK1/2 and eIF4E, suggesting an effect on translation initiation, whereas Bank1-/- had no effect on IL-6 mRNA stability, thus suggesting that BANK1 has no effect on MK2 signaling. IL-6 secretion observed when CpG stimulation was combined with anti-CD40 was reduced in the absence of BANK1. Whereas in the presence of anti-CD40 stimulation CpG induced a stronger phosphorylation of AKT, mTOR, and 4E-BP1, Bank1-/- had no effect on phosphorylation of mTOR and 4E-BP1, and a weak effect on AKT, implying that BANK1 does not affect the release of eIF4E by phospho-4E-BP1. Taken together, these data establish a previously unrecognized role for BANK1 in CpG-induced responses by splenic B cells on p38 signaling and control of translation initiation of IL-6 via MNK1/2 and eIF4E.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy