Baseline and non-baseline sensitivity of Magnaporthe oryzae isolates from perennial ryegrass to azoxystrobin in the northeastern United States

B. Ma, Wakar Uddin, G. Olaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gray leaf spot, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is chiefly managed by the application of fungicides. Among several systemic fungicides, azoxystrobin has been effectively used to control the disease; however, the development of resistance in M. oryzae to azoxystrobin has been reported in some regions of the United States. The sensitivity level to azoxystrobin of pathogen isolates from perennial ryegrass turf has not been documented in a comprehensive manner in the northeastern United States. This survey was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity to azoxystrobin of 135 isolates of M. oryzae collected between 1995 and 2004 from golf courses primarily in the northeastern United States. Media components, incubation time, and temperature were optimized for a modified in vitro spore germination assay to determine the sensitivity of the isolates. The EC50 value of 111 baseline isolates ranged from 0.001 to 0.083 μg/mL (mean 0.039 μg/mL) and 21 non-baseline isolates from Pennsylvania (PA) ranged from 0.007 to 0.066 μg/mL (mean 0.029 μg/mL). No significant difference in sensitivity (P ≤ 0.05) was observed between baseline and PA non-baseline isolates. DNA sequence analysis of the cytochrome b gene (CYTB) showed that no mutation had occurred among PA non-baseline isolates. The study established azoxystrobin baseline sensitivity for M. oryzae in the northeastern United States and indicated that because of limited use of QoI (quinone outside inhibitor) fungicides and the practice of using fungicide rotations and mixtures for gray leaf spot control, a shift in sensitivity to azoxystrobin has not yet occurred in the PA non-baseline isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

Fingerprint

Magnaporthe oryzae
Northeastern United States
Lolium perenne
leaf spot
fungicides
golf courses
spore germination
lawns and turf
quinones
cytochrome b
normal values
pesticide application
azoxystrobin
disease control
sequence analysis
mutation
nucleotide sequences
pathogens
assays
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

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title = "Baseline and non-baseline sensitivity of Magnaporthe oryzae isolates from perennial ryegrass to azoxystrobin in the northeastern United States",
abstract = "Gray leaf spot, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is chiefly managed by the application of fungicides. Among several systemic fungicides, azoxystrobin has been effectively used to control the disease; however, the development of resistance in M. oryzae to azoxystrobin has been reported in some regions of the United States. The sensitivity level to azoxystrobin of pathogen isolates from perennial ryegrass turf has not been documented in a comprehensive manner in the northeastern United States. This survey was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity to azoxystrobin of 135 isolates of M. oryzae collected between 1995 and 2004 from golf courses primarily in the northeastern United States. Media components, incubation time, and temperature were optimized for a modified in vitro spore germination assay to determine the sensitivity of the isolates. The EC50 value of 111 baseline isolates ranged from 0.001 to 0.083 μg/mL (mean 0.039 μg/mL) and 21 non-baseline isolates from Pennsylvania (PA) ranged from 0.007 to 0.066 μg/mL (mean 0.029 μg/mL). No significant difference in sensitivity (P ≤ 0.05) was observed between baseline and PA non-baseline isolates. DNA sequence analysis of the cytochrome b gene (CYTB) showed that no mutation had occurred among PA non-baseline isolates. The study established azoxystrobin baseline sensitivity for M. oryzae in the northeastern United States and indicated that because of limited use of QoI (quinone outside inhibitor) fungicides and the practice of using fungicide rotations and mixtures for gray leaf spot control, a shift in sensitivity to azoxystrobin has not yet occurred in the PA non-baseline isolates.",
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AU - Uddin, Wakar

AU - Olaya, G.

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N2 - Gray leaf spot, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is chiefly managed by the application of fungicides. Among several systemic fungicides, azoxystrobin has been effectively used to control the disease; however, the development of resistance in M. oryzae to azoxystrobin has been reported in some regions of the United States. The sensitivity level to azoxystrobin of pathogen isolates from perennial ryegrass turf has not been documented in a comprehensive manner in the northeastern United States. This survey was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity to azoxystrobin of 135 isolates of M. oryzae collected between 1995 and 2004 from golf courses primarily in the northeastern United States. Media components, incubation time, and temperature were optimized for a modified in vitro spore germination assay to determine the sensitivity of the isolates. The EC50 value of 111 baseline isolates ranged from 0.001 to 0.083 μg/mL (mean 0.039 μg/mL) and 21 non-baseline isolates from Pennsylvania (PA) ranged from 0.007 to 0.066 μg/mL (mean 0.029 μg/mL). No significant difference in sensitivity (P ≤ 0.05) was observed between baseline and PA non-baseline isolates. DNA sequence analysis of the cytochrome b gene (CYTB) showed that no mutation had occurred among PA non-baseline isolates. The study established azoxystrobin baseline sensitivity for M. oryzae in the northeastern United States and indicated that because of limited use of QoI (quinone outside inhibitor) fungicides and the practice of using fungicide rotations and mixtures for gray leaf spot control, a shift in sensitivity to azoxystrobin has not yet occurred in the PA non-baseline isolates.

AB - Gray leaf spot, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is chiefly managed by the application of fungicides. Among several systemic fungicides, azoxystrobin has been effectively used to control the disease; however, the development of resistance in M. oryzae to azoxystrobin has been reported in some regions of the United States. The sensitivity level to azoxystrobin of pathogen isolates from perennial ryegrass turf has not been documented in a comprehensive manner in the northeastern United States. This survey was conducted to evaluate the sensitivity to azoxystrobin of 135 isolates of M. oryzae collected between 1995 and 2004 from golf courses primarily in the northeastern United States. Media components, incubation time, and temperature were optimized for a modified in vitro spore germination assay to determine the sensitivity of the isolates. The EC50 value of 111 baseline isolates ranged from 0.001 to 0.083 μg/mL (mean 0.039 μg/mL) and 21 non-baseline isolates from Pennsylvania (PA) ranged from 0.007 to 0.066 μg/mL (mean 0.029 μg/mL). No significant difference in sensitivity (P ≤ 0.05) was observed between baseline and PA non-baseline isolates. DNA sequence analysis of the cytochrome b gene (CYTB) showed that no mutation had occurred among PA non-baseline isolates. The study established azoxystrobin baseline sensitivity for M. oryzae in the northeastern United States and indicated that because of limited use of QoI (quinone outside inhibitor) fungicides and the practice of using fungicide rotations and mixtures for gray leaf spot control, a shift in sensitivity to azoxystrobin has not yet occurred in the PA non-baseline isolates.

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