This article summarizes our research on estimation of age-specific and age-adjusted mortality rates for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for white males. Our objectives are more precise and informative displays (than previously available) of geographic variation of the age-specific mortality rates for COPD, and investigation of the relationships between the geographic variation in mortality rates and the corresponding variation in selected covariates. For a given age class, our estimates are displayed in a choropleth map of mean rates. We develop a variation map that identifies the geographical areas where inferences are reliable. Here, the variation is measured by considering a set of maps produced using samples from the posterior distribution of the population mortality rates. Finally, we describe the spatial patterns in the age-specific maps and relate these to patterns in potential explanatory covariates such as smoking rate, annual rainfall, population density, elevation, and measures of air quality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty